Scholier, T., Lavrinienko, A., Brila, I., Tukalenko, E., Hindström, R., Vasylenko, A., Cayol, C., Ecke, F., Singh, N. J., Forsman, J. T., Tolvanen, A., Matala, J., Huitu, O., Kallio, E. R., Koskela, E., Mappes, T., & Watts, P. C. (2023). Urban forest soils harbour distinct and more diverse communities of bacteria and fungi compared to less disturbed forest soils. Molecular Ecology, 32, 504– 517. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16754
Urban forest soils harbour distinct and more diverse communities of bacteria and fungi compared to less disturbed forest soils
|Author:||Scholier, Tiffany1; Lavrinienko, Anton1,2; Brila, Ilze1,3;|
1Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
2Laboratory of Food Systems Biotechnology, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
3Ecology and Genetics Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden
5The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, UK
6Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
7Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Helsinki, Finland
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe202301235087
John Wiley & Sons,
|Publish Date:|| 2024-01-09
Anthropogenic changes to land use drive concomitant changes in biodiversity, including that of the soil microbiota. However, it is not clear how increasing intensity of human disturbance is reflected in the soil microbial communities. To address this issue, we used amplicon sequencing to quantify the microbiota (bacteria and fungi) in the soil of forests (n = 312) experiencing four different land uses, national parks (set aside for nature conservation), managed (for forestry purposes), suburban (on the border of an urban area) and urban (fully within a town or city), which broadly represent a gradient of anthropogenic disturbance. Alpha diversity of bacteria and fungi increased with increasing levels of anthropogenic disturbance, and was thus highest in urban forest soils and lowest in the national parks. The forest soil microbial communities were structured according to the level of anthropogenic disturbance, with a clear urban signature evident in both bacteria and fungi. Despite notable differences in community composition, there was little change in the predicted functional traits of urban bacteria. By contrast, urban soils exhibited a marked loss of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Soil pH was positively correlated with the level of disturbance, and thus was the strongest predictor of variation in alpha and beta diversity of forest soil communities, indicating a role of soil alkalinity in structuring urban soil microbial communities. Hence, our study shows how the properties of urban forest soils promote an increase in microbial diversity and a change in forest soil microbiota composition.
|Pages:||504 - 517|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
This research was funded through the 2017–2018 Belmont Forum and BiodivERsA joint call for research proposals, under the BiodivScen ERA-Net COFUND programme, and with funding from the Academy of Finland (project nos. 329334 and 326534 to P.C.W.). Additional funding through the Academy of Finland (project no. 329332) was granted to E.R.K. The lead author (T.S.) was supported by the University of Jyväskylä Graduate School.
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
326534 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Scholier, T., Lavrinienko, A., Brila, I., Tukalenko, E., Hindström, R., Vasylenko, A., Cayol, C., Ecke, F., Singh, N. J., Forsman, J. T., Tolvanen, A., Matala, J., Huitu, O., Kallio, E. R., Koskela, E., Mappes, T., & Watts, P. C. (2023). Urban forest soils harbour distinct and more diverse communities of bacteria and fungi compared to less disturbed forest soils. Molecular Ecology, 32, 504– 517, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16754. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.