University of Oulu

Tuure Tammi & Pauliina Rautio (2023) “It was funny at first” exploring tensions in human-animal relations through internet memes with university students, Environmental Education Research, 29:4, 539-551, DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2022.2073972

“It was funny at first” exploring tensions in human-animal relations through internet memes with university students

Saved in:
Author: Tammi, Tuure1; Rautio, Pauliina1
Organizations: 1Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-11-11


Because of their mostly upbeat everyday presence in most people’s lives globally, Internet memes have gained attention as tools in spreading information and enacting attitudinal change in the face of environmental troubles. The reappropriation of memes for classroom purposes is not straightforward, however. We focus our exploration of Internet memes in environmental education to questions of human-animal relations. The context is a higher education course on multispecies childhood studies. The question we pose is whether and how Internet memes can bring forth tensions in human-animal relations. First we review literature mapping what Internet memes are and how they relate to humour and laughter. Then we explore what memes (can) do by creating Internet memes with university students of education. And finally we turn to affect theory and suggest that the potential for environmental education that Internet memes hold, may lie in understanding and using them as feral pedagogical creatures.

see all

Series: Environmental education research
ISSN: 1350-4622
ISSN-E: 1469-5871
ISSN-L: 1350-4622
Volume: 29
Issue: 4
Pages: 539 - 551
DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2022.2073972
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
516 Educational sciences
Funding: This article was produced as a part of the research project CitiRats supported by the Academy of Finland under award number 333438.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 333438
Detailed Information: 333438 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2022 Informa UK limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Environmental Education Research on 11 May 2022, available at: