University of Oulu

Qiu, H., Huang, W., Zhang, Y., Chen, J., Gao, L., Omran, M., Nan, L., & Chen, G. (2022). Co-precipitation of nano Mg–Y/ZrO2 ternary oxide eutectic system: Effects of calcination temperature. Ceramics International, 48(16), 23452–23459.

Co-precipitation of nano Mg–Y/ZrO₂ ternary oxide eutectic system : effects of calcination temperature

Saved in:
Author: Qiu, Hongju1; Huang, Weiwei1; Zhang, Yanqiong1;
Organizations: 1Kunming Key Laboratory of Energy Materials Chemistry, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming, 650500, Yunnan, PR China
2Process Metallurgy Research Group, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Finland
3College of Chemistry and Resources Engineering, Hong He University, Mengzi, 661199, China
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-05-04


In the family of inorganic nanomaterials, zirconia is a highly promising functional ceramic with a high refractive index, hardness, and dielectric constant, as well as excellent chemical inertness and thermal stability. These properties are enhanced in nano-zirconia ceramics, because nanopowders have a small particle size, good morphology, and uniform and dispersive distribution. In this study, a co-precipitation process was proposed to synthesise highly dispersed MgO–Y₂O₃ co-stabilized ZrO₂ nanopowders. The effects of different calcination temperatures on the crystallisation degree and particle dispersion of zirconia nanopowders were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nitrogen adsorption using the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) theory, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The optimum synthesis conditions were obtained as follows: 6 h of high-energy planetary grinding and calcination at 800 °C in an electric furnace. Under these optimum conditions, the average particle size of the prepared powder was 28.7 nm. This process enriches the literature on the controllable preparation of Mg–Y/ZrO₂ nanopowders obtained by the co-precipitation method.

see all

Series: Ceramics international
ISSN: 0272-8842
ISSN-E: 1873-3956
ISSN-L: 0272-8842
Volume: 48
Issue: 16
Pages: 23452 - 23459
DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2022.04.339
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Funding: Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51764052) and Innovative Research Team (in Science and Technology) in University of Yunnan Province.
Copyright information: © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license