University of Oulu

Rysgaard, S., Bjerge, K., Boone, W., Frandsen, E., Graversen, M., Thomas Høye, T., Jensen, B., Johnen, G., Antoni Jackowicz-Korczynski, M., Taylor Kerby, J., Kortegaard, S., Mastepanov, M., Melvad, C., Schmidt Mikkelsen, P., Mortensen, K., Nørgaard, C., Poulsen, E., Riis, T., Sørensen, L., & Røjle Christensen, T. (2022). A mobile observatory powered by sun and wind for near real time measurements of atmospheric, glacial, terrestrial, limnic and coastal oceanic conditions in remote off-grid areas. HardwareX, 12, e00331.

A mobile observatory powered by sun and wind for near real time measurements of atmospheric, glacial, terrestrial, limnic and coastal oceanic conditions in remote off-grid areas

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Author: Rysgaard, Søren1,2,3,4; Bjerge, Kim1,5; Boone, Wieter1,6;
Organizations: 1Arctic Research Centre, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark
2Department of Biology, Aarhus University, Denmark
3Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, Canada
4Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Greenland
5Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Aarhus University, Denmark
6VLIZ - Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), Oostende, Flamish Region, Belgium
7MG Solar, Frederiksborgvej 399, Roskilde, Denmark
8Department of Ecoscience, Aarhus University, Denmark
9Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Denmark
10Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Sweden
11Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark
12Mopa Patrol Både, Møllevej 21, Vilsund, Denmark
13Oulanka Research Station, Oulu University, Finland
14Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Aarhus University, Denmark
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 6.1 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2023-02-03


Climate change is rapidly altering the Arctic environment. Although long-term environmental observations have been made at a few locations in the Arctic, the incomplete coverage from ground stations is a main limitation to observations in these remote areas. Here we present a wind and sun powered multi-purpose mobile observatory (ARC-MO) that enables near real time measurements of air, ice, land, rivers, and marine parameters in remote off-grid areas. Two test units were constructed and placed in Northeast Greenland where they have collected data from cabled and wireless instruments deployed in the environment since late summer 2021. The two units can communicate locally via WiFi (units placed 25 km apart) and transmit near-real time data globally over satellite. Data are streamed live and accessible from ( The cost of one mobile observatory unit is c. 304.000€. These test units demonstrate the possibility for integrative and automated environmental data collection in remote coastal areas and could serve as models for a proposed global observatory system.

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Series: HardwareX
ISSN: 2468-0672
ISSN-E: 2468-0672
ISSN-L: 2468-0672
Volume: 12
Article number: e00331
DOI: 10.1016/j.ohx.2022.e00331
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work was supported by Aage V Jensens Foundations and the Danish National Fund for Research Infrastructure (NUFI) under Minister for higher Education and Science. The ARC-MO units in this publication will be part of the Greenland Integrated Observing System (GIOS) research infrastructure ( JK acknowledges support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 754513 and the Aarhus University Research Foundation.
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY license (