University of Oulu

Niskanen, I., Immonen, M., Hallman, L., Mikkonen, M., Hokkanen, V., Hashimoto, T., Kostamovaara, J., & Heikkilä, R. (2023). Using a 2d profilometer to determine volume and thickness of stockpiles and ground layers of roads. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part B: Pavements, 149(1), 04022074.

Using a 2D profilometer to determine volume and thickness of stockpiles and ground layers of roads

Saved in:
Author: Niskanen, Ilpo1; Immonen, Matti1; Hallman, Lauri2;
Organizations: 1Faculty of Technology, Civil Engineering, Univ. of Oulu, P.O. Box 4000, Oulu FI-90014, Finland
2Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, Circuits and Systems Research Unit, Univ. of Oulu, P.O. Box 7300, Oulu FI-90014, Finland
3Mitta Oy, Laakeritie 9, Oulu FI-90620, Finland
4Infrakit Group Oy, Linnoitustie 4B, Espoo 02600, Finland
55 Public Works Research Institute, 1-6 Minamihara, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 300-2621, Japan
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-02-06


Construction materials and related management, handling, and storage provisions account for a large portion of road construction expenses. For that reason, improved material flow monitoring techniques can achieve significant cost and time savings, as well as better quality control. This study assessed the performance of a solid-state pulsed time-of-flight laser lidar profilometer in measuring the volume of soil stockpiles and road layer thicknesses. The 3D (X, Y, Z, and intensity) image calculation was based on the analysis of multiple combined point clouds measured with an excavator-integrated profilometer. Error analysis confirmed the accuracy of road layer thickness estimation within one centimeter and an error level of approximately 3% when measuring soil stockpile volumes. In conjunction with a theoretical model of the superstructure, this 3D measurement technique can help contractors and supervisors ensure road quality.

see all

Series: Journal of transportation engineering. Part B, Pavements
ISSN: 2573-5438
ISSN-E: 2573-5438
ISSN-L: 2573-5438
Volume: 149
Issue: 1
DOI: 10.1061/jpeodx.pveng-1149
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 212 Civil and construction engineering
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: We gratefully acknowledge funding from Business Finland (38056/31/2020) and the 436 Academy of Finland under Grant (339997).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 339997
Detailed Information: 339997 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be found at