University of Oulu

C. Michael Hall (2022) Tourism and the Capitalocene: From Green Growth to Ecocide, Tourism Planning & Development, 19:1, 61-74, DOI: 10.1080/21568316.2021.2021474

Tourism and the capitalocene : from green growth to ecocide

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Author: Hall, C. Michael1,2,3,4
Organizations: 1Department of Management, Marketing, and Entrepreneurship, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
2Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3School of Business and Economics, Linneaus University, Kalmar, Sweden
4Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University, Helsingborg, Sweden
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2021
Publish Date: 2023-06-28


Tourism makes substantial contributions to the Anthropocene. However, the Anthropocene is highly uneven over space and time reflecting the uneven processes of capital accumulation. As a result, the Anthropocene, and tourism‘s role within it, is best understood as a system of power, profit and re/production in the web of life, what is referred to as the capitalocene. In other words, it is the relationship of tourism to the epoch of capitalism that can best characterise how tourism/capitalism is not just an economic system but also serves to exploit cheap natures, bodies, and ways of life to enable surplus extraction. This is done via different tourisms and the acceptance of the externalities that accrue from tourism. This paper therefore considers the inseparable connectivities between tourism and capitalism and its implications for how tourism is constructed in the managerial ecology of the SDGs and sustainable tourism and the ensuing contribution to ecocide.

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Series: Tourism planning & development
ISSN: 2156-8316
ISSN-E: 2156-8324
ISSN-L: 2156-8316
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Pages: 61 - 74
DOI: 10.1080/21568316.2021.2021474
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Copyright information: © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Tourism Planning & Development. C. Michael Hall (2022) Tourism and the Capitalocene: From Green Growth to Ecocide, Tourism Planning & Development, 19:1, 61-74, DOI: 10.1080/21568316.2021.2021474. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.