University of Oulu

Patro, E.R., Patwal, P.S., Islam, S.U. (2023). Integrated Water Resources Management: Perspective for State of Uttarakhand, India. In: Shukla, P., Singh, P., Singh, R.M. (eds) Environmental Processes and Management. Water Science and Technology Library, vol 120. Springer, Cham.

Integrated water resources management : perspective for state of Uttarakhand, India

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Author: Patro, Epari Ritesh1; Patwal, Pooran Singh2; Islam, Shahid Ul3
Organizations: 1Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014, Oulu, Finland
2Hydrology and Natural Resource Management, Haridwar, India
3Department of Civil Engineering, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2023
Publish Date: 2025-02-28


Himalayan areas are the water bucket of the world and contribute one of the world’s greatest freshwater resources. The Himalayan system provides plentiful services to the downstream towns and population in terms of water for household purposes and ecosystems services, etc. More than 1.4 billion people directly depend on water from the rivers of the Himalaya. So, water resources and its management for providing clean water and sanitation are already a challenge in the Himalayan region. All the mitigation measures adopted under Ganga Action Plan (for cleaning of all tributaries of river Ganga started by ministry of water resource in 14 Jan 1986) focus primarily on the big cities for construction of sewage treatment plants, interceptor sewers, and sewage diversion mechanisms. But always questions are raising about the sustainability, maintenance and cost-efficiency of these mitigation measures, and its effect on water quality of the river. For small areas and towns of Uttarakhand, natural, sustainable, efficient, natural, and long-life mitigation measures are required for reducing the pollution level in the river system.

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Series: Water science and technology library
ISSN: 0921-092X
ISSN-E: 1872-4663
ISSN-L: 0921-092X
Issue: 120
Pages: 207 - 223
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-20208-7_13
Host publication: Environmental processes and management : tools and practices for groundwater
Host publication editor: Shukla, Prabhakar
Singh, Prachi
Singh, Raj Mohan
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Environmental Processes and Management: Tools and Practices for Groundwater. The final authenticated version is available online at: