Komasi, S., Hemmati, A., Rezaei, F. et al. Comparison of the relative sensitivity of two dimensional personality models to the psychopathological symptoms: the section III DSM-5 maladaptive traits versus affective temperaments. BMC Psychiatry 22, 503 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-022-04156-y
Comparison of the relative sensitivity of two dimensional personality models to the psychopathological symptoms : the section III DSM-5 maladaptive traits versus affective temperaments
|Author:||Komasi, Saeid1,2; Hemmati, Azad3; Rezaei, Farzin2,4;|
1Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2Neurosciences Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3Department of Psychology, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
4Department of Psychiatry, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5Liver and Digestive Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
6Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, & Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
7Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry Section, Regional Pilot Centre for Eating Disorders, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
8Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.9 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2023031331371
|Publish Date:|| 2023-03-13
Background: The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) are tools designed for personality dispositions for mental health symptoms. The present study was conducted to compare these models in terms of their relative sensitivity to the symptoms of personality disorders (PDs) and non-personality disorders (NPDs).
Methods: Subjects in this cross-sectional study were 1232 (805 female; 63.5%) community samples in western Iran. Data were collected using the PID-5, the TEMPS-A, the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R), and the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire (PDQ-4). Correlations and Regression models were used to examine associations between traits and symptoms.
Results: Maladaptive traits assessed by the PID-5 were more strongly associated with PD symptoms, whereas affective temperaments measured by the TEMPS-A were more strongly associated with NPD symptoms.
Conclusion: The present findings highlighted the practical utility of both the PID-5 and TEMPS-A indicating risk for psychopathology, but also suggest a distinction between PDs and NPDs in terms of underlying personality dispositions.
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
The project was funded by the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran (ID: MUK-98724).
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