University of Oulu

Tanaka, H.K.M., Gluyas, J., Holma, M. et al. Atmospheric muography for imaging and monitoring tropic cyclones. Sci Rep 12, 16710 (2022).

Atmospheric muography for imaging and monitoring tropic cyclones

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Author: Tanaka, Hiroyuki K. M.1,2; Gluyas, Jon2,3; Holma, Marko2,4,5,6;
Organizations: 1University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
2International Virtual Muography Institute (VMI), Global, Tokyo, Japan
3Durham University, Durham, UK
4Kerttu Saalasti Institute, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Muon Solutions Oy Ltd, Pyhäsalmi, Finland
6Arctic Planetary Science Institute, Rovaniemi, Finland
7Universidad de Atacama, Copiapò, Chile
8University of Catania, Catania, Italy
9Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Catania, Italy
10University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
11Geoptic Ltd, Warnborough, UK
12Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory and Space Physics and Astronomy Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
13Space Physics and Astronomy Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
14Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest, Hungary
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2023-03-15


Large-scale solid bodies on Earth such as volcanoes and man-made pyramids have been visualized with solid earth muography, and the recently invented technique, acqueous muography, has already demonstrated its capability to visualize ocean tides and tsunami. In this work, atmospheric muography, a technique to visualize and monitor the vertical profile of tropic cyclones (TCs) is presented for the first time. The density distribution and time-dependent behavior of several TCs which had approached Kagoshima, Japan, has been investigated with muography. The resultant time-sequential images captured their warm cores, and their movements were consistent with the TC trails and barometric pressure variations observed at meteorological stations. By combining multidirectional muographic images with barometric data, we anticipate that muography will become a useful tool to monitor the three-dimensional density distribution of a targeted mesoscale convective system.

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Series: Scientific reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
ISSN-E: 2045-2322
ISSN-L: 2045-2322
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Article number: 16710
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-20039-4
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 115 Astronomy and space science
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit