Petteri Pietikainen, The Republic of Fear: Mental Illness in the Finnish Civil War of 1918, Social History of Medicine, 2023;, hkac065, https://doi.org/10.1093/shm/hkac065
The republic of fear : mental illness in the Finnish Civil War of 1918
1History of Sciences and Ideas, University of Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2023032232800
Oxford University Press,
|Publish Date:|| 2023-03-22
This article examines the links between mental illness and the Finnish Civil War of 1918. Based on the study of patient records from a large state mental hospital, the article discusses the mental wounds of both servicemen and civilians and focuses on fear as an essential component in the onset of mental disorder. An examination of patient records reveals how civil war affected the mental health of ordinary people and created a collective psychological atmosphere of fear and anxiety. What this article also demonstrates is that, during and after the war, patients who were mentally scarred by the atrocities were neither categorised nor diagnosed any differently from other mental patients. By focussing on patient experiences in the ‘mini-society’ of a mental hospital, this article aims to give a nuanced account of the ways in which civil war can affect mental health on both the individual and collective levels.
Social history of medicine
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
615 History and archaeology
© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for the Social History of Medicine. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creative-commons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.