Hashemi, S., Mäntylä, M. SiaLog: detecting anomalies in software execution logs using the siamese network. Autom Softw Eng 29, 61 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10515-022-00365-7
SiaLog : detecting anomalies in software execution logs using the siamese network
|Author:||Hashemi, Shayan1; Mäntylä, Mika1|
1M3S Research Unit, ITEE, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.6 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2023032433130
|Publish Date:|| 2023-03-24
Detecting anomalies in software logs has become a notable concern for software engineers and maintainers as they represent anomalies in software execution paths and states. This paper propose a novel anomaly detection approach based on the Siamese network on top of Recurrent Neural Networks(RNN). Accordingly, we introduce a novel training pair generation algorithm to train the Siamese network which reduces generated training significantly while maintaining the F₁ score. Additionally, we propose a hybrid model by combining the Siamese network with a traditional feedforward neural network to make end-to-end training possible, reducing engineering effort in setting up a deep-learning-based log anomaly detector. Furthermore, we provides validations of the approach on the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS), Blue Gene/L (BGL), and Hadoop map-reduce task log datasets. To the best of our knowledge, the proposed approach outperforms other methods on the same dataset at the F₁ scores of respectively 0.99, 0.99, and 0.94 on HDFS, BGL, and Hadoop datasets, resulting in a new state-of-the-art performance. To further evaluate the proposed method, we examine our method’s robustness to log evolutions by evaluating the model on synthetically evolved log sequences; we got the F₁ score of 0.95 on the HDFS dataset at the noise ratio of 20%. Finally, we dive deep into some of the side benefits of the Siamese network. Accordingly, we introduce an unsupervised log evolution monitoring method alongside a visualization technique that facilitates model interpretability.
Automated software engineering
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
This work has been supported by the Academy of Finland (grant IDs 298020 and 328058). Additionally, the authors gratefully acknowledge CSC - IT Center for Science, Finland, for their generous computational resources.
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
298020 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
328058 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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