University of Oulu

Berra, S., Dinis, R., Rabie, K., & Shahabuddin, S. (2022). Efficient iterative massive MIMO detection using Chebyshev acceleration. Physical Communication, 52, 101651.

Efficient iterative massive MIMO detection using Chebyshev acceleration

Saved in:
Author: Berra, Salah1,2; Dinis, Rui3; Rabie, Khaled4,5;
Organizations: 1COPELABS, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Campo Grande 376, 1749-024, Lisboa, Portugal
2Department of Electronic and Telecommunications, Electrical Engineering Laboratory (LAGE), Kasdi Merbah University Ouargla, Algeria
3Instituto de Telecomunicações, FCT-UNL, Campus de Caparica, 2825-515 Caparica, Portugal
4Department of Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
5Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
6Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-02-25


Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) detection is one of the most important, yet complex parts of the fifth generation (5G) baseband receiver. The linear minimum mean square error (MMSE) signal detection achieves almost optimum efficiency when the number of antennas at the base station is asymptotically large. However, the matrix inversion required for MMSE can also be very complex when the number of users increases. In this paper, a low complexity signal detection algorithm based on modified accelerated overrelaxation (MAOR) method is proposed to iteratively approach the MMSE performance. We calculate optimal values of two key parameters of MAOR and also provide a suitable and less complex initial solution to accelerate the convergence. Furthermore, we adopt the Chebyshev polynomial acceleration technique to present the MAOR method with a new vector combinations, which enhances the performance of the detection algorithm. The spectral radius of MAOR is also calculated to demonstrate its suitability for Chebyshev acceleration. This complete solution is referred to as Chebyshev-MAOR. The results have revealed that the proposed method can achieve faster convergence and better performance than other state-of-the-art detection algorithms. It is also shown that Chebyshev-MAOR reduces computational complexity by an order of magnitude from O(K³) to O(K²), with K denoting the number of transmit antennas. Our performance results show that these complexity gains are achieved with negligible impact on the bit error rate (BER) performance.

see all

Series: Physical communication
ISSN: 1874-4907
ISSN-E: 1876-3219
ISSN-L: 1874-4907
Volume: 52
Article number: 101651
DOI: 10.1016/j.phycom.2022.101651
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work is supported by FCT/MCTES, Portugal through national funds and when applicable co-funded EU funds under the project MASSIVE5G (SAICT-45-2017-02), Instituto de Teleco- municações, Portugal (UIDB/50008/2020) and Copelabs, Portugal (UIDB/04111/2020).
Copyright information: © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license