University of Oulu

Ropponen, P., Kamau, S., Koskenranta, M., Kuivila, H., Oikarainen, A., Isakov, T., Tomietto, M., & Mikkonen, K. (2023). Culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students’ experiences of integration into the working environment: A qualitative study. Nurse Education Today, 120, 105654.

Culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students’ experiences of integration into the working environment : a qualitative study

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Author: Ropponen, P.1,2; Kamau, S.1,3; Koskenranta, M.1;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Diaconia University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Healthcare and Social Services, Jyvaskyla University of Applied Sciences, Jyvaskyla, Finland
4Attendo, PL 750, 00181 Helsinki, Finland
5Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Healthcare, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
6Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-03-28


Background: Understanding how culturally and linguistically diverse students experience clinical practice and their competence development is important to retaining registered nurses. This study aimed to describe culturally and linguistically diverse students’ experiences of clinical practice, perceptions of their career path, and intentions to stay in the nursing profession.

Methods: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted. The participants were culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students (n = 22) from six Finnish higher education institutions. Nine focus-group interviews, with up to six students per group, were conducted during the spring and summer of 2021. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis.

Results: The factors which affected culturally and linguistically diverse students’ intentions to stay in nursing profession in Finland consisted of support during university studies and clinical practice, perceived equality, nursing competence development, successful integration into the workplace and social life, and clinical practice experiences.

Conclusions: The results support the development of a model for culturally and linguistically diverse nurses’ integration into the Finnish health care settings by identifying the key factors for an effective transition to the profession.

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Series: Nurse education today
ISSN: 0260-6917
ISSN-E: 1532-2793
ISSN-L: 0260-6917
Volume: 120
Article number: 105654
DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2022.105654
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (