University of Oulu

Siinamari Tikkinen & Riitta-Liisa Korkeamäki (2021): The paradox of collaboration in the partnership between primary schools and public libraries, Educational Studies, DOI: 10.1080/03055698.2021.1884048

The paradox of collaboration in the partnership between primary schools and public libraries

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Author: Tikkinen, Sinnamari1; Korkeamäki, Riitta-Liisa1
Organizations: 1Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2021
Publish Date: 2023-03-29


This study examined how Finnish teachers and public librarians worked together after attending a literacy programme. During the programme the participant partners planned and implemented literacy activities which they shared with other participating partners. After the program, four participating partners were interviewed. A theoretical model that distinguished levels of cooperation, coordination, and collaboration was used in the analysis of the interview data and in describing the depth of partnerships. Despite experience in the programme the partnerships between teachers and librarians were mostly cooperative and coordinative. This study highlights the need to clarify the meaning of the concepts pertaining to working together as previous research has mostly applied the concept of collaboration to partnerships that do not meet the associated criteria.

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Series: Educational studies
ISSN: 0305-5698
ISSN-E: 1465-3400
ISSN-L: 0305-5698
Volume: In press
Issue: In press
DOI: 10.1080/03055698.2021.1884048
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: This work was supported by the Suomen Kulttuurirahasto.
Copyright information: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.