University of Oulu

Mikko Korkiakoski, Anssi Antila, Jouni Annamaa, Saeid Sheikhi, Paula Alavesa, and Panos Kostakos. 2023. Hack the Room: Exploring the potential of an augmented reality game for teaching cyber security. In Augmented Humans Conference (AHs ’23), March 12–14, 2023, Glasgow, United Kingdom. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 5 pages.

Hack the room : exploring the potential of an augmented reality game for teaching cyber security

Saved in:
Author: Korkiakoski, Mikko1; Antila, Anssi1; Annamaa, Jouni1;
Organizations: 1Center for Ubiquitous Computing, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 5.1 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Association for Computing Machinery, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-03-29


There is a need for creating new educational paths for beginners as well as experienced students for cyber security. Recently, ethical hacking gamification platforms like Capture the Flag (CTF) have grown in popularity, providing newcomers with entertaining and engaging material that encourages the development of offensive and defensive cyber security skills. However, augmented reality (AR) applications for the development of cyber security skills remain mostly an untapped resource. The purpose of this work-in-progress study is to investigate whether CTF games in AR might improve learning in information security and increase security situational awareness (SA). In particular, we investigate how AR gamification influences training and overall experience in the context of ethical hacking tasks. To do this, we developed a Unity-based ethical hacking game in which participants complete CTF-style objectives. The game requires the player to execute basic Linux terminal commands, such as listing files in folders and reading data stored on virtual machines. Each gameplay session lasts up to twenty minutes and consists of three objectives. The game may be altered or made more challenging by modifying the virtual machines. In a pilot, our game was tested with six individuals separated into two groups: an expert group (N=3) and a novice group (N=3). The questionnaire given to the expert group examined their SA during the game, whereas the questionnaire administered to the novice group measured learning and remembering certain things they did in the game. In this paper we discuss our observations from the pilot.

see all

ISBN: 978-1-4503-9984-5
Pages: 349 - 353
DOI: 10.1145/3582700.3583955
Conference: Augmented Humans International Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This research has been supported by Business Finland funded project Reboot Finland IoT Factory 33/31/2018, supported by Academy of Finland 6G Flagship (318927), in addition, the work has been funded by the European Commission grants NESTOR (101021851), IDUNN (101021911) and PRINCE (815362).
EU Grant Number: (101021851) NESTOR - aN Enhanced pre-frontier intelligence picture to Safeguard The EurOpean boRders
(101021911) IDUNN - A Cognitive Detection System for Cybersecure Operational Technologies
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © Owner/Author 2023. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Augmented Humans Conference (AHs ’23),