Ceresa, F., Brambilla, M., Kvist, L., Vitulano, S., Pes, M., Tomasi, L., Pedrini, P., Hilpold, A., & Kranebitter, P. (2023). Landscape characteristics influence regional dispersal in a high-elevation specialist migratory bird, the water pipit Anthus spinoletta. Molecular Ecology, 32, 1875– 1892. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16853
Landscape characteristics influence regional dispersal in a high-elevation specialist migratory bird, the water pipit Anthus spinoletta
|Author:||Ceresa, Francesco1; Brambilla, Mattia1,2; Kvist, Laura3;|
1Museum of Nature South Tyrol, Bolzano, Italy
2Dipartimento di Scienze e Politiche Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
3Ecology and Genetics Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Studio Pteryx, Basiano, Italy
5Museo delle Scienze, Sezione Zoologia dei Vertebrati, Trento, Italy
6Institute for Alpine Environment, Eurac Research, Bolzano, Italy
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2023042739130
John Wiley & Sons,
|Publish Date:|| 2024-04-10
Species living in high mountain areas are currently threatened by climate change and human land use changes. High-elevation birds frequently inhabit island-like suitable patches around mountain peaks, and in such conditions the capability to exchange individuals among patches is crucial to maintain gene flow. However, we lack information regarding the dispersal ability of most of these species and the possible influence of landscape features on dispersal. In this study, we used population genomics and landscape resistance modelling to investigate dispersal in a high-elevation specialist migratory bird, the water pipit Anthus spinoletta. We aimed to assess the levels of gene flow in this species within a wide area of the European Alps, and to assess the effects of environmental characteristics on gene flow, by testing the isolation by distance (IBD) hypothesis against the isolation by resistance (IBR) hypothesis. We found clear support for IBR, indicating that water pipits preferentially disperse across suitable breeding habitat (i.e., high-elevation grassland). IBR was stronger in the part of the study area with less extended suitable habitat. Landscape resistance was slightly better described by habitat suitability models than landscape connectivity models. Despite the observed IBR, gene flow within the study area was high, probably also because of the still wide and relatively continuous breeding range. The forecasted reduction of range of this species may lead to stronger effects of IBR on gene flow. Other high-elevation specialist birds may show similar IBR patterns, but with possibly stronger effects on gene flow because of their more reduced and patchy habitats.
|Pages:||1875 - 1892|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
The present study was financed by the fund “Research Südtirol/Alto Adige” of the Department of Innovation, Research and University of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano/Bozen, within the project “Population connectivity in high-elevation Alpine birds threatened by climate change,” CUP H32F20000020003. Fieldwork was carried out under permits of the relevant national and local authorities: “Prot. no. 2020/60029,” “Prot. no. 2020/61001,” “Prot. no. 2020/60041,” “Prot. no. 2020/60045” and “Prot. no. 2021/5190” of the Istituto Superiore per la Ricerca e Protezione Animale (ISPRA); “Decreto no. 1055/2021,” “Decreto no. 2415/2021” and “Decreto no. 2837/2021” of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano/Bozen; “Determinazione Prot. 87FAU/2021” and “Determinazione Prot. 88FAU/2021” of the Autonomous Province of Trento.
© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ceresa, F., Brambilla, M., Kvist, L., Vitulano, S., Pes, M., Tomasi, L., Pedrini, P., Hilpold, A., & Kranebitter, P. (2023). Landscape characteristics influence regional dispersal in a high-elevation specialist migratory bird, the water pipit Anthus spinoletta. Molecular Ecology, 32, 1875– 1892, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16853. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.