University of Oulu

Putrakumar Balla, Prem Kumar Seelam, Rajendiran Rajesh, Ravi Balaga, Prathap Challa, Kauslya Sasikumar G., Vijayanand Perupogu, Ulla Lassi, Kim Sungtak, Selective hydrogenation of levulinic acid over a highly dispersed and stable copper particles embedded into the ordered mesoporous carbon supported catalyst, Catalysis Communications, Volume 178, 2023, 106673, ISSN 1566-7367,

Selective hydrogenation of levulinic acid over a highly dispersed and stable copper particles embedded into the ordered mesoporous carbon supported catalyst

Saved in:
Author: Balla, Putrakumar1; Seelam, Prem Kumar2; Rajesh, Rajendiran3;
Organizations: 1Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea
2Sustainable Chemistry Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, P.O. Box 4300, University of Oulu, Finland
3Energy & Environmental Engineering Department CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad 500007, India
4Department of Chemistry, Centre for Research and Development, KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore 641407, India
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.9 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-04-28


Transformation of levulinic acid (LA) to γ -valerolactone (GVL) via hydrogenation is a greener approach in synthesising the eco-friendly GVL fuel additive. In this work, highly active and stable pre-synthesized copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) are embedded and distributed into the ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) support material by the chelate-assisted multicomponent assembly pathway method. The Cu/OMC nanocatalyst is characterized by different analytical instruments to determine the key properties. The ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) structure was formed successfully by controlled synthesis steps via resol carbonization. The morphology and structure of OMC was confirmed by the XRD, TEM and HRTEM analysis. The OMC surface was functionalized with different oxygen-containing functional groups, which enhances the interactions with the Cu nanoparticles. The TEM micrographs reveal that Cu NPs with average size of ~5.5 nm was evenly distributed over the surface of the OMC matrix. The synthesized Cu/OMC catalyst showed remarkable activity and stability due to confinement effects of Cu in mesoporous carbon and the highly dispersed nanosized Cu particles, which are exposed sites over the support. More importantly, the stability of the Cu/OMC was excellent, and the activity did not decline even after 60 h time on stream test under optimized conditions (WHSV-2.28 h⁻¹, 20 wt% aqueous LA, H₂ flow- 30 mL/min, 260 °C at 0.1 MPa hydrogen pressure).

see all

Series: Catalysis communications
ISSN: 1566-7367
ISSN-E: 1873-3905
ISSN-L: 1566-7367
Volume: 178
Article number: 106673
DOI: 10.1016/j.catcom.2023.106673
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 215 Chemical engineering
116 Chemical sciences
Funding: This work was supported by Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI) through a Technology Development Project for producing material and fuel of waste plastic, funded by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE). (2022003490004). Acknowledgin Hycat3 project & Hycamite TCD Oy, Finland and University of Oulu.
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (