University of Oulu

Emelyanova, A., Rautio, A. A Century of Demographic Ageing in Arctic Canada (1950–2050). Population Ageing 12, 25–50 (2019).

A century of demographic ageing in Arctic Canada (1950–2050)

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Author: Emelyanova, Anastasia1,2; Rautio, Arja1
Organizations: 1University of the Arctic Thematic Networks & Research Liaison Office, Thule Institute, University of Oulu, Paavo Havaksen tie 3, Oulu, Finland
2Arctic Futures Initiative / World Population Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1, A-2361, Laxenburg, Austria
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2019
Publish Date: 2023-05-08


The aim of this study is to identify the major characteristics of demographic ageing in the Canadian Arctic — Yukon, Nunavut, and Northwest Territories (NWT) — in the period 1950 to 2050. We measure ageing first conventionally, based on ”chronological” age, as a point of comparison for results obtained applying new measures of ageing based on ”prospective” age. The latter takes into account upward changes in life expectancy and longevity over recent decades. The findings are discussed for the territories with the oldest and youngest average ages, the regions ageing the fastest and slowest, for both sexes and (to some extent) across ethnic differences. The paper considers whether the territories of Arctic Canada are converging or diverging in their ageing pathways and the links between the northern and nationwide patterns were traced. We find that NWT and Nunavut are the youngest and are diverging from nationwide ageing dynamics while Yukon is no longer different from the rest of Canada. The results of this study can help devise policies for coping with the population ageing in the Arctic part of Canada.

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Series: Journal of population ageing
ISSN: 1874-7884
ISSN-E: 1874-7876
ISSN-L: 1874-7884
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Pages: 25 - 50
DOI: 10.1007/s12062-017-9211-5
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 5141 Sociology
Copyright information: © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017. This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: