University of Oulu

Haiko, O., Pallaspuro, S., Javaheri, V., Kaikkonen, P., Ghosh, S., Valtonen, K., Kaijalainen, A., & Kömi, J. (2023). High-stress abrasive wear performance of medium-carbon direct-quenched and partitioned, carbide-free bainitic, and martensitic steels. Wear, 526–527, 204925.

High-stress abrasive wear performance of medium-carbon direct-quenched and partitioned, carbide-free bainitic, and martensitic steels

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Author: Haiko, Oskari1; Pallaspuro, Sakari1; Javaheri, Vahid1;
Organizations: 1Materials and Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Advanced Steels Research, University of Oulu, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
2Materials Science and Environmental Engineering, Tampere Wear Center, Tampere University, FI-33720, Tampere, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 18.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-05-12


Experimental steels, a direct-quenched and partitioned (DQP) steel and a carbide-free bainitic steel (CFB), were tested along with a commercial martensitic 500 HB grade wear resistant steel in high-stress abrasive conditions. The three steels had different microstructures consisting of varying fractions and morphologies of martensite, retained austenite, and bainitic ferrite. The results showed that the CFB steel had a lower mass loss compared to the martensitic 500 HB steel with a similar hardness level. The DQP steel had a higher initial hardness and outperformed the other two steels. Wear surface characterization revealed that the investigated steels had significant work hardening of the wear surface, except with different mechanisms. Transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) increased the hardness of the DQP and CFB steels, while the fully martensitic 500 HB had more white layer formation on the wear surface resulting in increased hardness.

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Series: Wear. An international journal on the science and technology of friction, lubrication and wear
ISSN: 0043-1648
ISSN-E: 1873-2577
ISSN-L: 0043-1648
Volume: 526–527
Article number: 204925
DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2023.204925
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Funding: This research has been done within the Business Finland program Fossil Free Steels and Applications (FOSSA, Dno. 5397/31/2021) and the Academy of Finland project PerforMat (#337108 & 337941). We gratefully acknowledge the financial support and the companies participating in the FOSSA program. Part of the work was carried out with the support of the Center for Material Analysis, University of Oulu, Finland.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 337108
Detailed Information: 337108 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (