University of Oulu

Elmgren, A. (2023). Pan-Turanism and alternative pan-nationalisms in Finland 1917−1923. In P. Stadius & R. Hemstad, Nordic Experiences in Pan-nationalisms (1st ed., pp. 239–259). Routledge.

Pan-Turanism and alternative pan-nationalisms in Finland 1917−1923

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Author: Elmgren, Ainur
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Routledge, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-05-29


In the first decades after the independence of Finland, macronationalist ideologies experienced a minor boom in public debate and foreign policy. While the young republic was pragmatically searching for foreign recognition and allies in the volatile post-imperial era, idealists presented pan-Turanism as an alternative or a supplement to a Scandinavian orientation. Finland also became a refuge for a small Muslim minority of Tatar ethnicity, originally from the Russian Empire, which found and promoted a new alternative pan-identity in pan-Turkism. The presence and activities of this minority influenced some Finnish intellectuals and politicians to view pan-Turanism in a favourable light.

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ISBN: 978-1-003-37220-2
ISBN Print: 978-1-032-44442-0
Pages: 239 - 259
DOI: 10.4324/9781003372202-17
Host publication: Nordic experiences in pan-nationalisms: a reappraisal and comparison, 1840–1940
Host publication editor: Stadius, Peter
Hemstad, Ruth
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Copyright information: © Ainur Elmgren. This chapter has been made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND license.