University of Oulu

Niemelä, O.; Aalto, M.; Bloigu, A.; Bloigu, R.; Halkola, A.S.; Laatikainen, T. Alcohol Drinking Patterns and Laboratory Indices of Health: Does Type of Alcohol Preferred Make a Difference? Nutrients 2022, 14, 4529.

Alcohol drinking patterns and laboratory indices of health : does type of alcohol preferred make a difference?

Saved in:
Author: Niemelä, Onni1; Aalto, Mauri2; Bloigu, Aini3;
Organizations: 1Department of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Research Unit, Seinäjoki Central Hospital and Tampere University, 60220 Seinäjoki, Finland
2Department of Psychiatry, Seinäjoki Central Hospital, Tampere University, 33100 Tampere, Finland
3Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
4Infrastructure of Population Studies, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
5Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), 00271 Helsinki, Finland
6Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, 70210 Kuopio, Finland
7Joint Municipal Authority for North Karelia Social and Health Services, 80210 Joensuu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2022
Publish Date: 2023-06-02


Although excessive alcohol consumption is a highly prevalent public health problem the data on the associations between alcohol consumption and health outcomes in individuals preferring different types of alcoholic beverages has remained unclear. We examined the relationships between the amounts and patterns of drinking with the data on laboratory indices of liver function, lipid status and inflammation in a national population-based health survey (FINRISK). Data on health status, alcohol drinking, types of alcoholic beverages preferred, body weight, smoking, coffee consumption and physical activity were recorded from 22,432 subjects (10,626 men, 11,806 women), age range 25–74 years. The participants were divided to subgroups based on the amounts of regular alcohol intake (abstainers, moderate and heavy drinkers), patterns of drinking (binge or regular) and the type of alcoholic beverage preferred (wine, beer, cider or long drink, hard liquor or mixed). Regular drinking was found to be more typical in wine drinkers whereas the subjects preferring beer or hard liquor were more often binge-type drinkers and cigarette smokers. Alcohol use in all forms was associated with increased frequencies of abnormalities in the markers of liver function, lipid status and inflammation even at rather low levels of consumption. The highest rates of abnormalities occurred, however, in the subgroups of binge-type drinkers preferring beer or hard liquor. These results demonstrate that adverse consequences of alcohol occur even at moderate average drinking levels especially in individuals who engage in binge drinking and in those preferring beer or hard liquor. Further emphasis should be placed on such patterns of drinking in policies aimed at preventing alcohol-induced adverse health outcomes.

see all

Series: Nutrients
ISSN: 2072-6643
ISSN-E: 2072-6643
ISSN-L: 2072-6643
Volume: 14
Issue: 21
Article number: 4529
DOI: 10.3390/nu14214529
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3111 Biomedicine
Funding: This work was supported in part by Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility area of Seinäjoki Central Hospital and University of Tampere, VTR 5300/3116, the Finnish Foundation for the Promotion of Laboratory Medicine and the Finnish Society for Clinical Chemistry.
Dataset Reference: THL Biobank administrates and grants access to the FINRISK data to research projects that are of high scientific quality and impact, are ethically conducted, and that correspond with the research areas of THL Biobank. All data are available for application at en/web/thl-biobank/for-researchers/sample-collections/the-national-finrisk-study-1992-2012 (accessed on 12 May 2022). The name of dataset is the National FINRISK Study 1992-2012. Interested researchers can replicate our study findings in their entirety by directly obtaining the data and following the protocol in the Methods section. The authors did not have any special access privileges that others would not have. More information: finriski(at)
Copyright information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (