University of Oulu

Sun, L., Kangas, M., Ruokamo, H., & Siklander, S. (2023). A systematic literature review of teacher scaffolding in game-based learning in primary education. Educational Research Review, 40, 100546.

A systematic literature review of teacher scaffolding in game-based learning in primary education

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Author: Sun, Liping1; Kangas, Marjaana1; Ruokamo, Heli1;
Organizations: 1University of Lapland, Faculty of Education, Media Education Hub, P.O. Box 122, FI-96101, Rovaniemi, Finland
2University of Oulu, Faculty of Education, PL 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-06-21


In recent years, research interest in games in education has experienced continuous growth. However, although prior reviews in this context have generally focused on providing an overview of research trends and the impact of game-based learning on education, they have failed to provide noncrucial information on teacher scaffolding strategies used in the different stages of game-based learning and its related effects on students’ learning in primary education. By conducting a systematic search of databases, the current review examines recent empirical studies, ranging from 2011 to the end of March 2022, that implemented game-based learning in primary education settings. Twenty-four relevant papers were selected by deploying a four-phase PRISMA framework. This review identified different teacher scaffolding strategies that are used in teacher–student interactions during the orientation and gameplay stages, and their correlative influence on students’ learning. These findings can help teachers, teacher educators, and game developers in designing and developing improved game-based learning. The requirement for more research to investigate the use of teacher scaffolding in teacher–student interactions within the game-based learning process in primary education is emphasized. Furthermore, recommendations are offered for the future implementation of teacher scaffolding in game-based learning research.

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Series: Educational research review
ISSN: 1747-938X
ISSN-E: 1878-0385
ISSN-L: 1747-938X
Volume: 40
Article number: 100546
DOI: 10.1016/j.edurev.2023.100546
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: This study is part of the research activities of AI in Learning -project (2020-08/2022), funded by Business Finland [Decision number: 2577/31/2019].
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (