Summer regression : the impact of summer on English learners’ reading development
|Author:||Jaekel, Nils1; Jaekel, Julia1; Fincher, Elizabeth2;|
1Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Theory and Practice in Teacher Education, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, TN, United States
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2023070790426
|Publish Date:|| 2023-07-07
Each summer, students may lose some of the academic abilities they gained over the previous school year. English learners (ELs) may be at particular risk of losing English skills over the summer, but they have been neglected in previous research. This study investigates the development of oral reading fluency (ORF) of ELs compared with native English speakers. Using the AIMSweb Reading Curriculum-Based Measurement (R-CBM) in a pre-post design, reading fluency of N = 3,280 students] n = 363/11.1% ELs vs. n = 2,917/88.9% native speakers (NS)] was assessed in a school district in the Southeastern U.S. in May (4th grade) before and September (5th grade) after the summer break. Results showed that, on average, ELs performed 23.36 points below NS after the summer break. However, native English speakers and ELs lost ORF at similar rates over the summer (β = –0.02, p = 0.281). Contradictory to our hypothesis, students who had been higher performing in the spring had more reading performance losses over the summer (β = –0.45, p < 0.001). Future studies should assess the underlying individual student characteristics and learning mechanisms in more detail in order to develop evidence-based recommendations for tailored programs that can close the achievement gap between ELs and native English speakers.
Frontiers in education
|Pages:||1 - 7|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
516 Educational sciences
Publication costs were funded by the Biodiverse Anthropocenes program, University of Oulu, Academy of Finland Profi6 336449.
© 2022 Jaekel, Jaekel, Fincher and Brown. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.