University of Oulu

Anandakrishnan, S. S., Yadav, S., Tabeshfar, M., Balanov, V., Kaushalya, T., Nelo, M., Peräntie, J., Juuti, J., Bai, Y., Toward Ecofriendly Piezoelectric Ceramics—Reduction of Energy and Environmental Footprint from Conceptualization to Deployment. Global Challenges 2023, 2300061.

Toward ecofriendly piezoelectric ceramics : reduction of energy and environmental footprint from conceptualization to deployment

Saved in:
Author: Anandakrishnan, Sivagnana Sundaram1; Yadav, Suhas1; Tabeshfar, Mohadeseh1;
Organizations: 1Microelectronics Research Unit, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu, Oulu, FI-90570 Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.6 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-08-01


Piezoelectric materials are widely used in electromechanical coupling components including actuators, kinetic sensors, and transducers, as well as in kinetic energy harvesters that convert mechanical energy into electricity and thus can power wireless sensing networks and the Internet of Things (IoT). Because the number of deployed energy harvesting powered systems is projected to explode, the supply of piezoelectric energy harvesters is also expected to be boosted. However, despite being able to produce green electricity from the ambient environment, high-performance piezoelectrics (i.e., piezoelectric ceramics) are energy intensive in research and manufacturing. For instance, the design of new piezoceramics relies on experimental trials, which need high process temperatures and thus cause high consumption and waste of energy. Also, the dominant element in high-performance piezoceramics is hazardous Pb, but substituting Pb with other nonhazardous elements may lead to a compromise of performance, extending the energy payback time and imposing a question of trade-offs between energy and environmental benefits. Meanwhile, piezoceramics are not well recycled, raising even more issues in terms of energy saving and environmental protection. This paper discusses these issues and then proposes solutions and provides perspectives to the future development of different aspects of piezoceramic research and industry.

see all

Series: Global challenges
ISSN: 2056-6646
ISSN-E: 2056-6646
ISSN-L: 2056-6646
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1002/gch2.202300061
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Funding: Funded by the European Union (UNIFY, 101039110). S.S.A., M.T., M.N., J.J., and Y.B. acknowledge the Infotech Institute, University of Oulu for the financial support.
EU Grant Number: (101039110) UNIFY - Hybrid piezoelectric–photovoltaic components pave the way for miniaturisation of IoT devices
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Global Challenges published by Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction inany medium, provided the original work is properly cited.