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Nordlund, M., Kokkola, L., & Rydström, U. (2023). Teenagers’ Vocabulary Knowledge and Self-Efficacy as Elements in Effective L2 Online Searches. Nordic Journal of English Studies, 22(2), 1-26.

Teenagers’ vocabulary knowledge and self-efficacy as elements in effective L2 online searches

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Author: Nordlund, Marie1; Kokkola, Lydia2; Rydström, Ulla3
Organizations: 1Luleå University of Technology
2University of Oulu
3Luleå High School
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Umeå University, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-08-02


As English dominates the Internet, most education systems need to prepare pupils to perform L2 information searches. Generating efficient search terms and understanding the information retrieved requires good vocabulary knowledge. This study examined the relationship between vocabulary knowledge, L2 online searching, and attitudes towards online searching. A sample of Swedish pupils’ abilities in locating suitably difficult texts and learning words were tested by comparing their Vocabulary Size Test scores with the lexical density of their search results and subsequent text production. Long-term vocabulary recall and self-efficacy for searching online were also tested. The results indicate that pupils tended to read and write texts below their ability level. They were unaware that they could achieve more as their self-efficacy measures indicated high confidence levels despite rather modest skills. The challenge posed by the findings is to enable teenagers to recognize how much more effectively they could use the Internet, without damaging their confidence.

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Series: Nordic journal of English studies
ISSN: 1502-7694
ISSN-E: 1654-6970
ISSN-L: 1502-7694
Volume: 22
Issue: 2
Pages: 1 - 26
DOI: 10.35360/njes.816
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: Skolforsknings Institutet
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (unless stated otherwise) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.