University of Oulu

Hosseinian, A., Pettersson, A., Ylä-Mella, J. et al. Phosphorus recovery methods from secondary resources, assessment of overall benefits and barriers with focus on the Nordic countries. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 25, 3104–3116 (2023).

Phosphorus recovery methods from secondary resources, assessment of overall benefits and barriers with focus on the Nordic countries

Saved in:
Author: Hosseinian, Aida1; Pettersson, Anita2; Ylä-Mella, Jenni1;
Organizations: 1Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014, Oulu, Finland
2Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås, 501 90, Borås, Sweden
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-08-04


Phosphorus (P) recovery and recycling play a crucial role in improving resource efficiency, sustainable nutrient management and moving toward circular economy. Increasing demand for fertilizers, signs of geopolitical constraints, and high discharge of P to waterbodies are the other reasons to pursue the circularity of P. Various research have been carrying out and several processes have been developed for P-recovery from different resources. However, there is still a huge unexplored potential for P-recovery specially in the regional framework from the four main P-rich waste resources: food waste, manure, mining waste, and sewage sludge. This study reviews recovery methods of P from these secondary resources comprehensively. Additionally, it analyzes the Nordic viewpoint of P-cycle by evaluating Nordic reserves, demands, and secondary resources to gain a systematic assessment of how Nordic countries could move toward circular economy of P. Results of this study show that secondary resources of P in Nordic countries have the potential of replacing mineral fertilizer in these countries to a considerable extent. However, to overcome the challenges of P-recovery from studied resources, policymakers and researchers need to take decisions and make innovation along each other to open the new possibilities for Nordic economy.

see all

Series: Journal of material cycles and waste management
ISSN: 1438-4957
ISSN-E: 1611-8227
ISSN-L: 1438-4957
Volume: 25
Pages: 3104 - 3116
DOI: 10.1007/s10163-023-01747-z
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
Funding: The authors acknowledge the funding of the Academy of Finland provided for the TRANSCIRC project (nro 310407).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 310407
Detailed Information: 310407 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2023. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit