University of Oulu

Liu, Lingdi; Song, Wenyan; Lui Yang. “Leveraging Digital Capabilities toward a Circular Economy: Reinforcing Sustainable Supply Chain Management with Industry 4.0 Technologies.” Computers & Industrial Engineering 178 (April 2023): 109113.

Leveraging digital capabilities toward a circular economy : reinforcing sustainable supply chain management with Industry 4.0 technologies

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Author: Liu, Lingdi1; Song, Wenyan1,2; Liu, Yang3,4
Organizations: 1School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, China
2Key Laboratory of Complex System Analysis, Management and Decision (Beihang University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100191, China
3Department of Management and Engineering, Link¨oping University, SE-581 83 Link¨oping, Sweden
4Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 5.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-08-04


Facing the challenges of globalisation and unpredictable shocks, manufacturers seek novel methods to maintain the sustainability of their supply chains. Adopting Industry 4.0 (I4.0) technologies facilitates sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) with the precise decision-making of supply chain activities and the realisation of circular development. However, according to the bibliometric analysis and systematic literature review of articles related to “SSCM”, few frameworks with I4.0 technologies are found to empower SSCM under circular economy (CE) logic. Thus, this article proposes a conceptual framework of I4.0 technologies-embedded SSCM, which takes advantage of five kinds of emerging digital technologies, including cloud services, artificial intelligence (AI), big data analytics (BDA), blockchain technology (BT), and internet of things (IoT). The CAB2IN framework is based on the technologies mentioned above alongside the design, manufacturing, delivering, using, and end-of-life stages of products and services to meet the requirements of reducing material usage, remanufacturing, reusing, and recycling. This paper's contribution lies in indicating the trends of SSCM in the era of Industry 4.0 and proposing CAB2IN to creatively establish the virtual side of circular SSCM, which leverages the data generated in each stage to assist sustainable decision-making. CAB2IN illuminates several research directions for future studies of digitalised SSCM under the perspective of CE. The case of Company S illustrates the application of CAB2IN in the healthcare supply chain. This paper also summarises insightful directions of digitalised SSCM under the proposed circular framework.

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Series: Computers & industrial engineering
ISSN: 0360-8352
ISSN-E: 1879-0550
ISSN-L: 0360-8352
Volume: 178
Article number: 109113
DOI: 10.1016/j.cie.2023.109113
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71971012).
Dataset Reference: Data will be made available on request.
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (