University of Oulu

Ahonen, P., Jeronen, E., Korkeamäki, RL. (2023). Sustainable Development and Happiness: A Perspective from Bhutanese Schools. In: Chetri, S., Dutta, T., Mandal, M.K., Patnaik, P. (eds) Understanding Happiness. Springer, Singapore.

Sustainable development and happiness : a perspective from Bhutanese schools

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Author: Ahonen, Päivi1; Jeronen, Eila1; Korkeamäki, Riitta-Liisa1
Organizations: 1Faculty of Education and Psychology, The University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2023
Publish Date: 2025-08-04


The article provides the background on how education for sustainable development is connected with education practices of Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness (GNH) development policy. Teaching in Bhutan focuses on values representing GNH philosophy: bravery, honesty, compassion, respect, moral principles, and global citizenship. Students answered questions and drew pictures describing “what kind of life is good life” and “what makes Bhutanese people happy.” Bhutanese teachers are trained to incorporate the GNH development into the teaching of all subjects. Educating for GNH Training Manual guides teachers to include value education into different subjects covering a broader learning environment, critical thinking, and media literacy.

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ISBN: 978-981-99-3493-5
ISBN Print: 978-981-99-3492-8
Pages: 431 - 455
DOI: 10.1007/978-981-99-3493-5_19
Host publication: Understanding happiness : an explorative view
Host publication editor: Chetri, Saamdu
Dutta, Tanusree
Mandal, Manas Kumar
Patnaik, Priyadarshi
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
515 Psychology
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.