University of Oulu

Palomäki, VA, Lehenkari, P, Meriläinen, S, Karttunen, TJ, Koivukangas, V. Dynamics of adipose tissue macrophage populations after gastric bypass surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2023; 31(1): 184-191.

Dynamics of adipose tissue macrophage populations after gastric bypass surgery

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Author: Palomäki, Ville A.1; Lehenkari, Petri2; Meriläinen, Sanna1;
Organizations: 1Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Cancer and Translational Medicine Research Unit, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Publish Date: 2023-08-09


Objective: This case–control study aimed to analyze the dynamics of macrophage infiltration in subcutaneous adipose tissue following bariatric surgery or conservative treatment of obesity and to clarify whether these features predict the weight loss outcome after the surgery.

Methods: Subcutaneous tissue samples taken before and 12 months after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (n = 39) or conservative (n = 43) treatment for obesity were analyzed. Fat cell size was determined, and with CD68 immunohistochemistry, crown-like structures (CLS) were counted and single macrophages were quantitated.

Results: A major decline in CLS density from 4.1 (SD 3.5) to 1.1 (SD 0.8) per 1000 fat cells (p < 0.000) was found, regardless of the degree of weight loss after the surgery. Surgery had no effect on the fraction of infiltrating single-cell macrophages in subcutaneous adipose tissue. The abundance of these macrophage populations before the intervention did not predict the degree of postsurgery weight loss or suboptimal response to the surgery.

Conclusions: The effect of gastric bypass on adipose tissue inflammatory status associates closely with CLS density even in subjects with suboptimal weight loss. The study suggests that factors related to bypass surgery other than weight loss modify the inflammatory response in adipose tissue.

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Series: Obesity
ISSN: 1930-7381
ISSN-E: 1930-739X
ISSN-L: 1930-7381
Volume: 31
Issue: 1
Pages: 184 - 191
DOI: 10.1002/oby.23602
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
Funding: Sosiaali- ja Terveysministeriö, Grant/Award Number: K47867.
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. Obesity published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of The Obesity Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.