Suleiman Kamau, Miro Koskenranta, Terhi-Maija Isakov, Heli Kuivila, Ashlee Oikarainen, Marco Tomietto, Kristina Mikkonen, Culturally and linguistically diverse registered nurses' experiences of integration into nursing workforce – A qualitative descriptive study, Nurse Education Today, Volume 121, 2023, 105700, ISSN 0260-6917, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2022.105700
Culturally and linguistically diverse registered nurses’ experiences of integration into nursing workforce : a qualitative descriptive study
|Author:||Kamau, Suleiman1,2; Koskenranta, Miro1; Isakov, Terhi-Maija1;|
1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Healthcare and Social Services, Jyvaskyla University of Applied Sciences, Jyvaskyla, Finland
3Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Healthcare, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
4Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2023081094621
|Publish Date:|| 2023-08-10
Background: The nursing shortage is a global and ongoing phenomenon that is expected to worsen. In many countries, imbalances in the nursing workforce will require international recruitment and plans to increase domestic and international nursing graduates. Nurses from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds have been reported to experience challenges while integrating into the workforce.
Aim: To describe culturally and linguistically diverse registered nurses’ experiences of their integration into the Finnish nursing workforce.
Methods: The study adopted a qualitative descriptive design. Data were collected during the spring of 2021 from 24 culturally and linguistically diverse registered nurses working in various healthcare settings in Finland. Data were analyzed using content analysis, which resulted in 596 open codes, 21 sub-categories, and 8 categories.
Results: According to the performed analysis, culturally and linguistically diverse nurses in Finland face cultural, ethnic and linguistic challenges. Organizational acceptance and acknowledgement of culturally and linguistically diverse nurses’ competence can help decrease the practice of deskilling and the perception that foreign nurses have purely opportunistic goals. Cultural and language learning support, tailored orientation programs, and mentorship are the most common organizational strategies for supporting integration and competence development. The role of the nurse manager and organizational strategies were also identified as essential components of smooth integration, work wellbeing and retention.
Conclusions: Finnish healthcare organizations need to implement strategies that support culturally and linguistically diverse nurses’ integration into the workforce. Nurse managers are important leaders that can foster culturally and linguistically diverse nurses’ competence development, ensure the efficient use of their specialized skills, promote work wellbeing, and improve nurse retention.
Nurse education today
|Type of Publication:||
A2 Review article in a scientific journal
|Field of Science:||
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).