University of Oulu

Reis, G.S.D.; Petnikota, S.; Subramaniyam, C.M.; de Oliveira, H.P.; Larsson, S.; Thyrel, M.; Lassi, U.; García Alvarado, F. Sustainable Biomass-Derived Carbon Electrodes for Potassium and Aluminum Batteries: Conceptualizing the Key Parameters for Improved Performance. Nanomaterials 2023, 13, 765.

Sustainable biomass-derived carbon electrodes for potassium and aluminum batteries : conceptualizing the key parameters for improved performance

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Author: Reis, Glaydson Simões Dos1; Petnikota, Shaikshavali1; Subramaniyam, Chandrasekar M.2;
Organizations: 1Biomass Technology Centre, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden
2Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad San Pablo-CEU, CEU Universities, Urbanización Montepríncipe, 28668 Madrid, Spain
3Institute of Materials Science, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Avenue Antônio Carlos Magalhães, 510-Santo Antônio CEP, Juazeiro 48902-300, BA, Brazil
4Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
5Unit of Applied Chemistry, University of Jyvaskyla, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, Talonpojankatu 2B, FI-67100 Kokkola, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-08-10


The development of sustainable, safe, low-cost, high energy and density power-density energy storage devices is most needed to electrify our modern needs to reach a carbon-neutral society by ~2050. Batteries are the backbones of future sustainable energy sources for both stationary off-grid and mobile plug-in electric vehicle applications. Biomass-derived carbon materials are extensively researched as efficient and sustainable electrode/anode candidates for lithium/sodium-ion chemistries due to their well-developed tailored textures (closed pores and defects) and large microcrystalline interlayer spacing and therefore opens-up their potential applications in sustainable potassium and aluminum batteries. The main purpose of this perspective is to brief the use of biomass residues for the preparation of carbon electrodes for potassium and aluminum batteries annexed to the biomass-derived carbon physicochemical structures and their aligned electrochemical properties. In addition, we presented an outlook as well as some challenges faced in this promising area of research. We believe that this review enlightens the readers with useful insights and a reasonable understanding of issues and challenges faced in the preparation, physicochemical properties and application of biomass-derived carbon materials as anodes and cathode candidates for potassium and aluminum batteries, respectively. In addition, this review can further help material scientists to seek out novel electrode materials from different types of biomasses, which opens up new avenues in the fabrication/development of next-generation sustainable and high-energy density batteries.

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Series: Nanomaterials
ISSN: 2079-4991
ISSN-E: 2079-4991
ISSN-L: 2079-4991
Volume: 13
Issue: 4
Article number: 765
DOI: 10.3390/nano13040765
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
215 Chemical engineering
221 Nanotechnology
216 Materials engineering
Funding: This research was funded by Bio4Energy—a Strategic Research Environment appointed by the Swedish government, and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. The authors also thank EU/Interreg Aurora (GreenBattery project grant no. 20357574). The researchers at Universidad San Pablo CEU thank the financial support of MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 (Project PID2019-106662RB-C41).
Copyright information: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (