Palomaa, Anna-Kaija; Huhtala, Saija; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria; Pölkki, Tarja. Effectiveness of technology-based interventions compared with other non-pharmacological interventions for relieving procedural pain in hospitalized neonates: a systematic review. JBI Evidence Synthesis 21(8):p 1549-1581, August 2023. | DOI: 10.11124/JBIES-22-00179
Effectiveness of technology-based interventions compared with other non-pharmacological interventions for relieving procedural pain in hospitalized neonates : a systematic review
|Author:||Palomaa, Anna-Kaija1,2,3,4; Huhtala, Saija1,2,3,4; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria1,2,5;|
1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Finnish Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care: A JBI Centre of Excellence, Helsinki, Finland
3Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
4Medical Research Center Oulu, University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Oulu, Finland
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2023081195270
|Publish Date:|| 2024-05-23
Objective: The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of technology-based interventions for relieving procedural pain among hospitalized neonates compared with other non-pharmacological interventions.
Introduction: Neonates who require hospital care often experience acute pain during medical procedures. The current best practice for relieving pain in neonates is the use of non-pharmacological interventions, such as oral solutions or intervention-based human touch. Technological solutions (eg, games, eHealth applications, mechanical vibrators) have become more commonplace in pediatric pain management over recent years; however, there is a sizeable knowledge gap around how effective technology-based interventions are for relieving pain in neonates.
Inclusion criteria: This review considered experimental trials that include technology-based, non-pharmacological interventions for relieving procedural pain among hospitalized neonates. The primary outcomes of interest include pain response to a procedure measured by a pain assessment scale validated for neonates, behavioral indicators, and changes in physiological indicators.
Methods: The search strategy aimed to identify both published and unpublished studies. MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL (EBSCOhost), Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MedNar, and EBSCO Open Dissertations databases were searched for studies published in English, Finnish, or Swedish. Critical appraisal and data extraction were conducted by 2 independent researchers who adhered to JBI methodology. Meta-analysis could not be performed due to considerable heterogeneity in the studies; as a result, the findings are presented narratively.
Results: A total of 10 randomized controlled trials involving 618 children were included in the review. The staff members delivering the interventions and the outcome assessors were not blinded in all of the studies, which introduced a potential risk of bias. The presented technology-based interventions were diverse, including laser acupuncture, noninvasive electrical stimulation of acupuncture points, robot platform, vibratory stimulation, recorded maternal voice, and recorded intrauterine voice. In the studies, pain was measured using validated pain scales, behavioral indicators, and physiological variables. In the studies in which pain was assessed with a validated pain measure (N=8), technology-based pain relief was significantly more effective than the comparator in 2 studies, whereas no statistically significant differences were observed in 4 studies and the technology-based intervention was less effective than the comparator in 2 studies.
Conclusions: The effectiveness of technology-based interventions in relieving neonatal pain, either as a standalone method or in combination with another non-pharmacological method, was mixed. Further research is needed to provide reliable evidence on which technology-based, non-pharmacological pain relief intervention is most effective for hospitalized neonates.
JBI evidence synthesis
|Pages:||1549 - 1581|
|Type of Publication:||
A2 Review article in a scientific journal
|Field of Science:||
The study was funded by the Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation and the Emil Aaltonen Foundation.
© 2023 JBI. This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Palomaa, Anna-Kaija; Huhtala, Saija; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria; Pölkki, Tarja. Effectiveness of technology-based interventions compared with other non-pharmacological interventions for relieving procedural pain in hospitalized neonates: a systematic review. JBI Evidence Synthesis 21(8):p 1549-1581, August 2023. | DOI: 10.11124/JBIES-22-00179.