University of Oulu

Molaiyan P, Dos Reis GS, Karuppiah D, Subramaniyam CM, García-Alvarado F, Lassi U. Recent Progress in Biomass-Derived Carbon Materials for Li-Ion and Na-Ion Batteries—A Review. Batteries. 2023; 9(2):116.

Recent progress in biomass-derived carbon materials for Li-Ion and Na-Ion batteries : a review

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Author: Molaiyan, Palanivel1; Reis, Glaydson Simões Dos2; Karuppiah, Diwakar3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, FI-90570 Oulu, Finland
2Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Biomass Technology Centre, SE-901 83 Umeå, Swede
3Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
4Chemistry and Biochemistry Departamento, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad San Pablo-CEU, CEU Universities, Urbanización Montepríncipe, Boadilla del Monte, 28668 Madrid, Spain
5Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, University of Jyvaskyla, FI-67100 Kokkola, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-08-21


Batteries are the backbones of the sustainable energy transition for stationary off-grid, portable electronic devices, and plug-in electric vehicle applications. Both lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium-ion batteries (NIBs), most commonly rely on carbon-based anode materials and are usually derived from non-renewable sources such as fossil deposits. Biomass-derived carbon materials are extensively researched as efficient and sustainable anode candidates for LIBs and NIBs. The main purpose of this perspective is to brief the use of biomass residues for the preparation of carbon anodes for LIBs and NIBs annexed to the biomass-derived carbon physicochemical structures and their aligned electrochemical properties. In addition, an outlook and some challenges faced in this promising area of research is presented. This review enlightens the readers with valuable insights and a reasonable understanding of issues and challenges faced in the preparation, physicochemical properties, and application of biomass-derived carbon materials as anode candidates for LIBs and NIBs.

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Series: Batteries
ISSN: 2313-0105
ISSN-E: 2313-0105
ISSN-L: 2313-0105
Volume: 9
Issue: 2
Article number: 116
DOI: 10.3390/batteries9020116
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
Funding: This research was funded by EU Interreg Nord/SolBat project, grant number 20202885.
Copyright information: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (