University of Oulu

Gupta RD, Tamanna N, Siddika N, Haider SS, Apu EH, Haider MR. Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Indian Population: Findings from a Nationally Representative Study of 698,286 Participants. Epidemiologia. 2023; 4(2):163-172.

Obesity and abdominal obesity in Indian population : findings from a nationally representative study of 698,286 participants

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Author: Gupta, Rajat Das1; Tamanna, Nowrin1; Siddika, Nazeeba2,3;
Organizations: 1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29028, USA
2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
3Centre for International Public Health and Environmental Research, Bangladesh (CIPHER,B), Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
4Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
5Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institute for Quantitative Health Science and Engineering (IQ), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
6Research Unit of Medical Imaging, Physics and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, 90220 Oulu, Finland
7Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-09-07


This study aims to determine and compare the prevalence and correlates of obesity and abdominal obesity in India among participants aged 18–54 years. Data were acquired from the nationally representative National Family Health Survey 2019–21. Age and sex standardized descriptive analyses were conducted to determine the prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity, and multivariable multilevel logistic regression was performed to identify the factors associated with these conditions. Gender-specific analyses were also conducted. The sample weight was adjusted throughout. The final sample size for this study was 698,286. The prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity was 13.85% and 57.71%, respectively. Older age, being female, increased educational status and increased wealth index, being married at any point, and residing in an urban area all increased the odds of both obesity and abdominal obesity. Being a resident of the North zone and having a current alcohol intake increased the odds of abdominal obesity. On the other hand, being a resident of the South zone of India increased the odds of obesity. Targeting these high-risk groups can be a strategy for public health promotion programs.

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Series: Epidemiologia
ISSN: 2673-3986
ISSN-E: 2673-3986
ISSN-L: 2673-3986
Volume: 4
Issue: 2
Pages: 163 - 172
DOI: 10.3390/epidemiologia4020017
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3141 Health care science
Copyright information: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (