University of Oulu

Abd-Elaziem, W., Khedr, M., Abd-Elaziem, AE. et al. Particle-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites (PMC) Fabricated by 3D Printing. J Inorg Organomet Polym (2023).

Particle-reinforced polymer matrix composites (PMC) fabricated by 3D printing

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Author: Abd-Elaziem, Walaa1,2; Khedr, Mahmoud3,4; Abd-Elaziem, Abd-Elrahim5;
Organizations: 1Department of Mechanical Design and Production Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, P.O. Box 44519, Zagazig, Egypt
2Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA
3Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering at Shoubra, Benha University, Cairo, 11629, Egypt
4Kerttu Saalasti Institute, Future Manufacturing Technologies (FMT), University of Oulu, Nivala, FI-85500, Finland
5Mechatronics Engineering Department, German University in Cairo (GUC), Cairo, Egypt
6Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, P.O. Box 44519, Zagazig, Egypt
7Department of Production Technology, Faculty of Technology and Education, Helwan University, Saray-El Qoupa, El Sawah Street, Cairo, 11281, Egypt
8Chemistry Department, College of Science, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), P.O. Box 90950, 11623, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2023
Publish Date: 2024-09-01


This manuscript explores the applications and advancements in three-dimensional (3D) printing with a focus on incorporating additive particles with unique properties into polymer composites. The benefits of 3D printing, such as design flexibility and rapid prototyping, are discussed along with the challenges of incorporating reinforcement materials with the polymer matrix. The review emphasizes the importance of achieving a homogeneous distribution of particles in the polymer matrix for filament fabrication in 3D printers. Thus, this review introduces the optimum method to produce a homogenous distribution of particles in the polymer matrix for fabricating filament for a FDM 3D printer. The use of filler particles enhances the properties of 3D printed parts, increasing their density, stiffness, and tribological performance, thereby expanding their applicability in industrial and biomedical fields.

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Series: Journal of inorganic and organometallic polymers and materials
ISSN: 1574-1443
ISSN-E: 1574-1451
ISSN-L: 1574-1443
Volume: Online first
DOI: 10.1007/s10904-023-02819-1
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
214 Mechanical engineering
Copyright information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2023. This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: