University of Oulu

Srivastava, V., Rantala, V., Mehdipour, P., Kauppinen, T., Tuomikoski, S., Heponiemi, A., Runtti, H., Tynjälä, P., Simões Dos Reis, G., & Lassi, U. (2023). A comprehensive review of the reclamation of resources from spent lithium-ion batteries. Chemical Engineering Journal, 474, 145822.

A comprehensive review of the reclamation of resources from spent lithium-ion batteries

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Author: Srivastava, Varsha1; Rantala, Venla1; Mehdipour, Parisa2;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
2University of Jyväskylä, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, Talonpojankatu 2B, 67100, Kokkola, Finland
3Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology, Biomass Technology Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå SE-901 83, Sweden
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 6.2 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-09-14


Due to the increased application of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), the number of spent LIBs has increased significantly in recent years, which has resulted in new waste management challenges for the recycling industry. The recycling of spent LIBs has gained enormous interest globally, as this can mitigate resource shortages and reduce the detrimental environmental impact of spent LIB waste. As the demand for LIBs continues to grow, it is important to recycle spent LIBs to establish a sustainable supply chain for the critical materials required for battery production. This comprehensive review addresses different strategies for resource recovery from LIBs and covers state-of-the-art processes for recycling LIBs. Additionally, the challenges and strategies for resource recovery from LIBs are highlighted. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of different recycling processes are addressed.

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Series: Chemical engineering journal
ISSN: 1385-8947
ISSN-E: 1873-3212
ISSN-L: 1385-8947
Volume: 474
Article number: 145822
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.145822
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
215 Chemical engineering
116 Chemical sciences
Funding: Authors acknowledge research funding from Academy of Finland (GoverMat), Business Finland (BATCircle2.0), EU/Interreg Aurora/GreenBattery and EcoLIB projects. Dr. dos Reis thanks the Bio4Energy— a Strategic Research Environment appointed by the Swedish government and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, for the funding support.
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (