University of Oulu

Hylkilä, K., Männikkö, N., Castrén, S., Mustonen, T., Peltonen, A., Konttila, J., Männistö, M., & Kääriäinen, M. (2023). Association between psychosocial well-being and problematic social media use among Finnish young adults: A cross-sectional study. Telematics and Informatics, 81, 101996.

Association between psychosocial well-being and problematic social media use among Finnish young adults : a cross-sectional study

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Author: Hylkilä, K.1; Männikkö, N.1,2; Castrén, S.3,4,5;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2School of Health and Social Care, Oulu University of Applied Sciences, 90101 Oulu, Finland
3Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland
4Social Sciences Department of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology Turku, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
5Department of Medicine, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
6Sosped Foundation, 00510 Helsinki, Finland
7Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-09-20


The aim of the study was to identify associations between problematic social media use (PSMU), type of internet activity, various background factors, psychosocial factors (mood, fear of missing out, need to belong, social relationships) and the COVID-19-pandemic’s impacts on social media use among young adults in Finland. Data were collected from 381 young adults aged 18–35 (M = 26.01; SD = 4.55) in Finland through a web-based survey conducted during the autumn of 2020. PSMU was identified using the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale. Nine types of social media platform used were considered. Information about health-related factors was assessed using Beck Depression Inventory scale and a further single question. Social factors were measured using the Fear of Missing Out scale, the Single Item Need to Belong scale, and social engagement scale. 9.8 % of participants were found to exhibit PSMU. Younger people and women were more prone to PSMU. Social networking sites were the most used platform and were more strongly related to PSMU. Social media engagement, depression, fear of missing out and the effects of the pandemic on social media use were all positively and significantly associated with PSMU. These results may facilitate the development of guidelines for healthy social media use, and early detection of PSMU.

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Series: Telematics and informatics
ISSN: 0736-5853
ISSN-E: 1879-324X
ISSN-L: 0736-5853
Volume: 81
Article number: 101996
DOI: 10.1016/j.tele.2023.101996
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
515 Psychology
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (