Jaakkola, M.S., Lajunen, T.K., Rantala, A.K. et al. Occupation and occurrence of respiratory infections among adults with newly diagnosed asthma. BMC Pulm Med 23, 140 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-023-02413-8
Occupation and occurrence of respiratory infections among adults with newly diagnosed asthma
|Author:||Jaakkola, Maritta S.1,2; Lajunen, Taina K.1; Rantala, Aino K.1;|
1Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research, and Biocenter, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research, University of Oulu, Aapistie 5B, P.O.Box 5000, 90014, Oulu, Finland
3Université Paris-Saclay, UVSQ, Univ. Paris-Sud, INSERM, Equipe d’Epidémiologie Respiratoire Intégrative, CESP, 94807, Villejuif, France
4Finnish Meteorological Institute, Erik Palménin Aukio 1, 00560, Helsinki, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.9 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe20230928137701
|Publish Date:|| 2023-09-28
Background: Work environments are potential areas for spreading respiratory infections. We hypothesized that certain occupations increase susceptibility to respiratory infections among adults with asthma. Our objective was to compare the occurrence of respiratory infections among different occupations in adults with newly diagnosed asthma.
Methods: We analysed a study population of 492 working-age adults with newly diagnosed asthma who were living in the geographically defined Pirkanmaa Area in Southern Finland during a population-based Finnish Environment and Asthma Study (FEAS). The determinant of interest was occupation at the time of diagnosis of asthma. We assessed potential relations between occupation and occurrence of both upper and lower respiratory tract infections during the past 12 months. The measures of effect were incidence rate ratio (IRR) and risk ratio (RR) adjusted for age, gender, and smoking habits. Professionals, clerks, and administrative personnel formed the reference group.
Results: The mean number of common colds in the study population was 1.85 (95% CI 1.70, 2.00) infections in the last 12 months. The following occupational groups showed increased risk of common colds: forestry and related workers (aIRR 2.20, 95% CI 1.15–4.23) and construction and mining (aIRR 1.67, 95% CI 1.14–2.44). The risk of lower respiratory tract infections was increased in the following groups: glass, ceramic, and mineral workers (aRR 3.82, 95% CI 2.54–5.74), fur and leather workers (aRR 2.06, 95% CI 1.01–4.20) and metal workers (aRR 1.80, 95% CI 1.04–3.10).
Conclusions: We provide evidence that the occurrence of respiratory infections is related to certain occupations.
BMC pulmonary medicine
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
This study was supported by the Academy of Finland [grant numbers 266314, 267675, 267995 (APTA Consortium) and 310371 and 310372 (GLORIA Consortium)], Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu strategic funds, The Research Foundation of the Pulmonary Diseases, Ella and Georg Ehrnrooth Foundation, and Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation. A.K.Rantala received funding from the European Respiratory Society (Fellowship grants STRTF201810-00466 and LTRF201901-00554). The funders had no role in the analysis and reporting of the study.
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
266314 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
267995 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
310372 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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