University of Oulu

Bhattacharjee, J., Marttila, H., Molina Navarro, E. et al. Impacts on water quality in the peatland dominated catchment due to foreseen changes in Nordic Bioeconomy Pathways. Sci Rep 13, 6283 (2023).

Impacts on water quality in the peatland dominated catchment due to foreseen changes in Nordic Bioeconomy Pathways

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Author: Bhattacharjee, Joy1; Marttila, Hannu1; Navarro, Eugenio Molina2;
Organizations: 1Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, PO Box 4300, 90014, Oulu, Finland
2Geology, Geography and Environment Department, University of Alcalá, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona, Km. 33.6, 28805, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
3Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), Paavo Havaksen tie 3, 90570, Oulu, Finland
4Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), Yliopistokatu 6 B, 80100, Joensuu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-09-29


The Nordic Bioeconomy Pathways (NBPs), conceptualized subsets of Shared Socioeconomic Pathways varying from environmentally friendly to open-market competition scenarios, can lead to plausible stressors in future for using bioresources. This study analysed the impacts of NBPs on hydrology and water quality based on two different land system management attributes: management strategy and a combination of reduced stand management and biomass removal at a catchment-scale projection. To understand the potential impacts of NBPs, the Simojoki catchment in northern Finland was chosen, as the catchment mainly covered peatland forestry. The analysis integrated a stakeholder-driven questionnaire, the Finnish Forest dynamics model, and Soil and Water Assessment Tool to build NBP scenarios, including Greenhouse gas emission pathways, for multiple management attributes to simulate flows, nutrients, and suspended solids (SS). For the catchment management strategy, an annual decrease in nutrients was observed for sustainability and business-as-usual scenarios. Reduced stand management and biomass removal also led to decreased export of nutrients and SS for the same scenarios, whereas, in other NBPs, the export of nutrients and SS increased with decreased evapotranspiration. Although the study was investigated at a local scale, based on the current political and socioeconomic situation, the approach used in this study can be outscaled to assess the use of forest and other bioresources in similar catchments.

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Series: Scientific reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
ISSN-E: 2045-2322
ISSN-L: 2045-2322
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Article number: 6283
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-33378-7
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
218 Environmental engineering
Funding: This work was supported by the Nordic Centre of Excellence BIOWATER, funded by Nordforsk under project number 82263. While writing this article, we got support from the Green-Digi-Basin project funded by the Academy of Finland (Grant number: 347704).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 347704
Detailed Information: 347704 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2023. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit