University of Oulu

Vanhanen, M., Meriläinen, M. H., Ala-Kokko, T., Kyngäs, H., & Kaakinen, P. (2023). Family members' perceptions of counselling during visits to loved ones in an adult ICU. Nursing Open, 10, 4859–4867.

Family members’ perceptions of counselling during visits to loved ones in an adult ICU

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Author: Vanhanen, Minna1,2; Meriläinen, Merja H.3,4; Ala-Kokko, Tero4,5;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Oulu, Finland
3Wellbeing Services County of North Ostrobothnia, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
4Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
5Oulu University Hospital, Medical Research Center Oulu University Medical Faculty, Research Group of Intensive Care Medicine, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu and Medical Research Center (MRC), Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-09-29


Aims: The study’s aims were to (1) assess family members’ perceptions of the quality of the counselling they received while visiting a loved one in an adult ICU and (2) identify factors that influence family members’ perceptions of counselling quality.

Design: A cross-sectional survey of visiting family members of adult ICU patients.

Methods: Family members (n = 55) at eight ICUs across five Finnish university hospitals completed a cross-sectional survey.

Results: Family members assessed the quality of counselling in adult ICUs to be good. Factors associated with the quality of counselling were knowledge, family-centred counselling, and interaction. Family members’ ability to live normally was associated with understanding of the loved one’s situation (p = 0.715, p < 0.001). Interaction was associated with understanding (p = 0.715, p < 0.001). Family members felt that intensive care professionals did not adequately ensure that they understood counselling-related issues and that they lacked opportunities to give feedback, in 29% of cases, staff asked the family members whether they understood the counselling and 43% of family members had opportunities to offer feedback. However, the family members felt that the counselling they received during ICU visits was beneficial.

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Series: Nursing open
ISSN: 2054-1058
ISSN-E: 2054-1058
ISSN-L: 2054-1058
Volume: 10
Issue: 7
Pages: 4859 - 4867
DOI: 10.1002/nop2.1738
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Nursing Open published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.