University of Oulu

Rautiainen, I., Haddington, P., Kamunen, A. (2023). Nudging Questions as Devices for Prompting Courses of Action and Negotiating Deontic (A)symmetry in UN Military Observer Training. In: Haddington, P., Eilittä, T., Kamunen, A., Kohonen-Aho, L., Rautiainen, I., Vatanen, A. (eds) Complexity of Interaction. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Nudging questions as devices for prompting courses of action and negotiating deontic (a)symmetry in UN Military Observer training

Saved in:
Author: Rautiainen, Iira1; Haddington, Pentti1; Kamunen, Antti1
Organizations: 1Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023
Publish Date: 2025-09-08


This chapter examines nudging questions as devices for prompting courses of action in multinational Military Observer training. Nudging questions are a way to handle the complexity that associates with the interlocutors’ asymmetric experience and competence and the “role of being more experienced” in relation to other operative roles within the trainee teams. They are emergent and uniquely designed for the situated interactional trajectory and its relation to concurrent activities and change over the interactional episodes. Military discourse and learning in military settings are not built on imperatives, but courses of action can be initiated and progressed also by using softer means. The findings contribute to our understanding of how roles and responsibilities are negotiated and how intersubjectivity and deontic symmetry–or asymmetry–are maintained in collaborative situations.

see all

ISBN: 978-3-031-30727-0
ISBN Print: 978-3-031-30726-3
Pages: 217 - 252
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-30727-0_7
Host publication: Complexity of interaction : studies in multimodal conversation analysis
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
Funding: Academy of Finland (project numbers 287219 and 322199), Eudaimonia Institute at the University of Oulu.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 287219
Detailed Information: 287219 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
322199 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.