University of Oulu

Xueqiao Li, Elisa Vuoriainen, Qianru Xu, Piia Astikainen, The effect of sad mood on early sensory event-related potentials to task-irrelevant faces, Biological Psychology, Volume 178, 2023, 108531, ISSN 0301-0511,

The effect of sad mood on early sensory event-related potentials to task-irrelevant faces

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Author: Li, Xueqiao1; Vuoriainen, Elisa2; Xu, Qianru3;
Organizations: 1Centre for Interdisciplinary Brain Research, Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, P.O. Box 35, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
2Human Information Processing Laboratory, Faculty of Social Sciences / Psychology, Tampere University, 33014 Tampere, Finland
3Center for Machine Vision and Signal Analysis, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-10-03


It has been shown that the perceiver’s mood affects the perception of emotional faces, but it is not known how mood affects preattentive brain responses to emotional facial expressions. To examine the question, we experimentally induced sad and neutral mood in healthy adults before presenting them with task-irrelevant pictures of faces while an electroencephalography was recorded. Sad, happy, and neutral faces were presented to the participants in an ignore oddball condition. Differential responses (emotional – neutral) for the P1, N170, and P2 amplitudes were extracted and compared between neutral and sad mood conditions. Emotional facial expressions modulated all the components, and an interaction effect of expression by mood was found for P1: an emotional modulation to happy faces, which was found in neutral mood condition, disappeared in sad mood condition. For N170 and P2, we found larger response amplitudes for both emotional faces, regardless of the mood. The results add to the previous behavioral findings showing that mood already affects low-level cortical feature encoding of task-irrelevant faces.

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Series: Biological psychology
ISSN: 0301-0511
ISSN-E: 1873-6246
ISSN-L: 0301-0511
Volume: 178
Article number: 108531
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2023.108531
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 515 Psychology
3112 Neurosciences
Funding: This work was supported by the Finnish Cultural Foundation (Suomen Kulttuurirahasto, grant number 30212205 to X.L.).
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (