Kamunen, A., Oittinen, T., Rautiainen, I., & Haddington, P. (2023). Inductive approach in EMCA: The role of accumulated ethnographic knowledge and video-based observations in studying military crisis management training. In Haddington, P., Ellittä, T., Kamunen, A., Kohonen-Aho, L., Oittinen, T., Rautiainen, I., & Vatanen, A. (Eds.), Ethnomethodological Conversation Analysis in Motion: Emerging Methods and New Technologies (pp. 153-170). Routledge.
Inductive approach in EMCA : the role of accumulated ethnographic knowledge and video-based observations in studying military crisis management training
|Author:||Kamunen, Antti1; Oittinen, Tuire1; Rautiainen, Iira1;|
1Research Unit for Languages and Literature, University of Oulu, Finland
2University of Oulu, Finland
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe20231005138847
|Publish Date:|| 2025-03-29
Our research uses EMCA to investigate talk and interaction in the specialised professional setting of multinational crisis management training. In order to understand the participants’ situated actions, gaining knowledge that goes beyond what is observable in the ongoing interaction, e.g., of the military community and its prevailing norms and practices, and reaching a sufficient level of competency (“unique adequacy”) is crucial. Although EMCA traditionally refrains from making deductions based on anything but recorded data, additional information and data can still be gathered to complement and enrich the analyses. In this chapter, we discuss how studying UN Military Observer courses has invited us to develop our methodological thinking. We introduce a multi-layered, multiphase approach to data collection and analysis and highlight the benefits of ethnographic knowledge and the real-life “first-hand” experiences of us researchers, which we perceive as proto-data. Collecting and using complementary data have become constitutive elements at different stages of our research: when 1) refining research questions and objectives, 2) identifying interactional phenomena, and 3) carrying out analyses that would, in other cases, be inaccessible to the researcher. We also revisit two core concepts in EMCA, inductivity and unmotivated looking, and illustrate how they may be more holistically addressed.
|ISBN Print:||978-1-032-54441-0 978-1-032-52255-5|
|Pages:||153 - 170|
Ethnomethodological conversation analysis in motion : emerging methods and new technologies
|Type of Publication:||
A3 Book chapter
|Field of Science:||
We also thank FINCENT and the Finnish National Defence University, Academy of Finland (project numbers 287219 and 322199), Eudaimonia Institute at the University of Oulu for their help and support.
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
287219 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
322199 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
© 2024 The contributors. This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Ethnomethodological Conversation Analysis in Motion: Emerging Methods and New Technologies on 29 September 2023, available online: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003424888-11