University of Oulu

Virpi, V., Anna-Maria, T., & Kristina, M. (2023). Practical nursing students' learning and assessment during work-based placement: A qualitative study. Nursing Open, 10, 6150–6164.

Practical nursing students’ learning and assessment during work-based placement : a qualitative study

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Author: Välimaa, Virpi1; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria2; Mikkonen, Kristiina3
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu; Vaasa University of Applied Sciences, Vaasa, Finland
2Oulu University Hospital, The Wellbeing Services County of North Ostrobotnia, Oulu; Research Unit of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Research Unit of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-10-10


Aim: To describe practical nursing students’, mentors’ and educators’ perceptions of student learning and assessment of learning progress during work-based learning.

Design: A qualitative descriptive study.

Methods: The research data were collected by interviewing eight practical nursing students, 12 mentors and eight educators (total n = 28) from three vocational institutions and four social- and health care organizations in Finland during November 2019–September 2020. The interviews were conducted as focus group interviews, after which the collected material was subjected to content analysis. The researchers had received appropriate research permits from the target organizations.

Results: Work-based learning depends on the student, who must be goal-oriented and responsible for their own learning. The mentor also plays a key role in the learning process as the supporter and enabler of a student’s goal-oriented learning process. The educator is responsible for instructing both students and mentors, and supporting a student’s goal-oriented learning process. The vocational institution also has a role in successful learning among practical nursing students as an enabler of students’ individual learning process. The participants shared that the workplace is responsible for ensuring a secure learning environment.

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Series: Nursing open
ISSN: 2054-1058
ISSN-E: 2054-1058
ISSN-L: 2054-1058
Volume: 10
Issue: 9
Pages: 6150 - 6164
DOI: 10.1002/nop2.1849
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Funding: The Finnish Association of Nursing Research (HTTS), 3800 é. Finnish Nurses Association (Suomen Sairaanhoitajat ry), 1000 é.
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Nursing Open published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.