University of Oulu

Aranha, M., Porwal, A., & González-Álvarez, I. (2023). Indian carbonatites in the global tectonic context. Ore and Energy Resource Geology, 15, 100023.

Indian carbonatites in the global tectonic context

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Author: Aranha, Malcolm1,2; Porwal, Alok1,2; González-Álvarez, Ignacio3,4
Organizations: 1Centre of Studies in Resources Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076, India
2Oulu Mining School, University of Oulu, Oulu 90014, Finland
3Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Kensington, Western Australia 6151, Australia
4Centre for Exploration Targeting, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 18.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-10-11


Chrono-tectonic settings of the carbonatite occurrences of India are reviewed with a focus on the “big picture” of carbonatite emplacements in the Indian plate in relation to global tectonic events associated with the amalgamation and breakup of supercontinents. Four chrono-tectonic domains, namely, Southern domain, Southeastern domain, Northeastern domain and Northwestern domain, are delineated based on the geographical distribution, tectonic settings and temporal relationships amongst the carbonatite complexes. The Southern domain comprises two sub-domains — Paleoproterozic and Neoproterozoic. The Paleoproterozoic sub-domain is related to extension due to relaxation after the Southern Granulite Terrain-Dharwar accretion, while the Neoproterozoic sub-domain is related to rifting related to the fragmentation of Rodinia. The Southeastern domain is related to the Mesoproterozoic fragmentation of Columbia. The Northeastern domain is related to the Mid-Cretaceous breakup of Greater India from Australia-Antarctica driven by the Kerguelen mantle plume that also produced the Rajmahal-Sylhet Large Igneous Province (LIP). The Northwestern domain is related to the Late-Cretaceous Indo-Seychelles-Madagascar split and the passage of Greater India over the reunion hotspot, which also produced the Deccan LIP.

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Series: Ore and energy resource geology
ISSN: 2666-2612
ISSN-E: 2666-2612
ISSN-L: 2666-2612
Volume: 15
Article number: 100023
DOI: 10.1016/j.oreoa.2023.100023
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Copyright information: © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (