University of Oulu

Mourelatos, E., & Oikarinen, E. (2023). Ethnic discrimination during wartime: Evidence from a field experiment in the Finnish housing market. In Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (Vol. 107, p. 102079). Elsevier BV.

Ethnic discrimination during wartime : evidence from a field experiment in the Finnish housing market

Saved in:
Author: Mourelatos, Evangelos1; Oikarinen, Elias1,2,3
Organizations: 1Department of Economics, Accounting and Finance, Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, Finland
2Department of Built Environment, Aalto University, Finland
3Department of Economics, University of Turku, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.2 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-10-12


This paper presents a field experiment studying possible discrimination against Russians in the rental housing market in Finland. We study the effect of discriminatory behaviour by the landlords during the Russian war of aggression in Ukraine, an event that has shaped ideas, attitudes, and behaviour. We let three fictitious individuals, one Finnish, one Russian and one British, apply for vacant rental apartments advertised by landlords on the internet. We then investigated whether there were differences between the individuals in the number of callbacks received and positive invitations to further contact. Linear probability models revealed strong evidence of differential treatment of Russians by Finnish landlords. The discriminatory behaviour is mainly driven by male, private landlords. The present study extends the literature on discrimination in the rental housing market and provides insights into its mechanisms.

see all

Series: Journal of behavioral and experimental economics
ISSN: 2214-8043
ISSN-E: 2214-8051
ISSN-L: 2214-8043
Volume: 107
Article number: 102079
DOI: 10.1016/j.socec.2023.102079
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 511 Economics
Funding: This work was supported by the Strategic Research Council at the Academy of Finland (decision numbers 352450 and 352451) and the West-Finland Housing Association of Public Utility.
Dataset Reference: Data will be made available on request.
Copyright information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (