Mozer, A., & Prost, S. (2023). An introduction to illegal wildlife trade and its effects on biodiversity and society. Forensic Science International: Animals and Environments, 3, 100064. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsiae.2023.100064
An introduction to illegal wildlife trade and its effects on biodiversity and society
|Author:||Mozer, Annika1; Prost, Stefan2,3,4|
1Leibniz Institute for the Analysis of Biodiversity Change, Museum Koenig, Adenauerallee 127, 53113 Bonn, Germany
2Ecology and Genetics Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
3Natural History Museum, Vienna, Central Research Laboratories, Burgring 7, 1010 Vienna, Austria
4South African National Biodiversity Institute, National Zoological Garden, 232 Boom Street, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.5 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe20231019140638
|Publish Date:|| 2023-10-19
Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT) is among the most lucrative illegal industries in the world. Its consequences go far beyond direct effects on the species in trade. In this review, we outline the basics of IWT and discuss its cascading consequences on environments, human lives and communities, national stability, and the economy. In addition, we outline structures used in IWT, from subsistence and local use to more complicated configurations, which can include multiple players. Furthermore, while a small fraction of poaching is opportunistic, most of the international IWT is run by organised crime groups. We outline how IWT can be associated with many different crimes like drug trafficking, corruption, or whitewashing. Additionally, many studies have observed a rapidly increasing trend of online trade with endangered and protected species. Moreover, this review gives a short overview of the situation in the European Union (EU) regarding laws and implementation of CITES and highlights that the EU acts as a major source, transit hub, and consumer in IWT. To address the highly dynamic and complicated problem of IWT, research, knowledge exchange, funding, and collaborations in all fields are necessary.
Forensic science international. Animals and environments
|Type of Publication:||
A2 Review article in a scientific journal
|Field of Science:||
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
A.M.'s work is funded through the FOGS project by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research under grant number 01LC1801A. S.P. is funded by the University of Oulu and the Academy of Finland Profi6 336449 programme “Biodiverse Anthropocenes”.
© 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).