Sunspot observations at the Eimmart observatory : revision and supplement
|Author:||Vokhmyanin, Mikhail1; Zolotova, Nadezhda2|
1Space Climate Group, Space Physics and Astronomy Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab. 7/9, 198504, St. Petersburg, Russia
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 5 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe20231023140945
|Publish Date:|| 2023-10-23
Digital images of sunspot drawings of the archives of Georg Christoph Eimmart stored at the National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg, are analyzed to obtain sunspot-group numbers and sunspot areas as well as heliographic positions. Overall, more than a hundred drawings were processed. The impact of drawing and reproduction uncertainties and the aims of historical observations are considered. The sunspot positions are compared to those reported by contemporary observers of the Maunder minimum. The restored sunspot-group numbers and latitudes are compared to those extracted by Hoyt and Schatten (Solar Phys. 179, 189, 1998) as well as Hayakawa et al. (Solar Phys. 296, 154, 2021b) and Hayakawa et al. (Astrophys. J. 909, 166, 2021d). The persistence of long-lived sunspots over several solar rotations is discussed.
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
115 Astronomy and space science
This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant No. 23-47-00006 “Magnetic Reconnection in Space and Laboratory Plasmas: Computer Simulations and Empirical Modeling”. Open Access funding provided by University of Oulu (including Oulu University Hospital).
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