University of Oulu

Tahir, M. N., Katz, M., & Muhammad, I. (2023). Assessment of Pedestrian-to-Vehicle Communication Pre-Crash Safety Warnings to Avoid Collisions. International Journal of Interactive Communication Systems and Technologies (IJICST), 12(1), 1-14.

Assessment of pedestrian-to-vehicle communication pre-crash safety warnings to avoid collisions

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Author: Tahir, Muhammad Naeem1,2; Katz, Marcos1; Muhammad, Irfan1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Finland
2Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: IGI Global, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-10-25


In recent years, road safety is getting more attention to reduce road pedestrian accidents caused by vehicles. The research community is trying to find new techniques related to accident avoidance in the existing vehicle driver assistance systems. These techniques involve the exchange of safety critical information between pedestrians and vehicles. This is called vehicle-to-pedestrian (V2P) communication system, which provides road safety and management to different Vulnerable-Road-Users (VRUs). Furthermore, V2P communication systems use various technologies and different methods to cooperate with the VRUs. These attributes can be considered to design constraints for V2P communication system. In this paper, the authors examine V2P safety aspects and have simulated different V2P scenarios considering real environments. Moreover, the authors analyze the V2P safety in different scenarios by considering the timely exchange of safety messages. The authors presented these results in different V2P approaches for separate VRU groups in different pre-crash situations.

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Series: International journal of interactive communication systems and technologies
ISSN: 2155-4218
ISSN-E: 2155-4226
ISSN-L: 2155-4218
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Pages: 1 - 14
DOI: 10.4018/ijicst.321637
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2023. This article published as an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and production in any medium, provided the author of the original work and original publication source are properly credited.