University of Oulu

Sanni M.A. Färkkilä, Anu Valtonen, Karita Saravesi, Sten Anslan, Annamari Markkola, Sari Kontunen-Soppela, The effects of geographic origin and genotype on fungal diversity of silver birch (Betula pendula), Fungal Ecology, Volume 63, 2023, 101241, ISSN 1754-5048,

The effects of geographic origin and genotype on fungal diversity of silver birch (Betula pendula)

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Author: Färkkilä, Sanni M. A.1; Valtonen, Anu2; Saravesi, Karita3;
Organizations: 1Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Juhan Liivi 2, 50409, Tartu, Estonia
2Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 111, 80101, Joensuu, Finland
3Department of Ecology and Genetics, University of Oulu, P.O.Box 3000, FI-90014, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-11-01


Soil microbes, especially root symbiotic fungi, often have drastic effects on the successful growth and establishment of plants. While plant intraspecific genetic variation is known to affect many ecosystem processes and functions, the effect it has on root fungal communities has received less attention. To determine the effect plant origin and genotype have on root fungal communities, we used high-throughput amplicon sequencing of ITS-regions to detect fungi from the roots of 64 clonally propagated silver birch (Betula pendula) trees representing four different geographical origins and 16 genotypes, all grown together in a common garden. We found that fungal alpha and beta-diversity but not community composition differ by silver birch genotype. Some birch genotypes are potentially more plastic in terms of their fungal interactions, which could make them more robust against environmental changes and provide a competitive advantage especially in disturbed habitats.

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Series: Fungal ecology
ISSN: 1754-5048
ISSN-E: 1878-0083
ISSN-L: 1754-5048
Volume: 63
Article number: 101241
DOI: 10.1016/j.funeco.2023.101241
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Funding: The study was supported by Societas Biologica Fennica Vanamo, Academy of Finland project 138309 and strategic funding of University of Eastern Finland (project 931060). A.V. is supported by Academy of Finland project 324392. Help in sample collection in the common garden field provided by Olusegun Akinyemi and Petteri Markkola is acknowledged. Work of S.M.A.F. is supported by the doctoral school of Ecology and Earth Sciences at University of Tartu.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 138309
Detailed Information: 138309 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (